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U.S. History

TermDefinition
Federalism The division of power between a central government and the states
Anti-federalists Opposed ratification of the new constitution
Separation of powers The division of government into 3 branches (Judicial, legislative, executive)
Popular soveriegnty The power of the government is based on the consent of the governed
Checks and balances Principle of government under which separate branches are empowered to prevent actions by other branches and are induced to share power.
Republicanism Supporting a republican system of government
Articles of confederation The first constitution of the U.S.
1st amendment Freedom of religion, the press, assembly & to petition
2nd amendment Having the right to bare arms
3rd amendment Troops are not to be placed in peoples homes without permission
4th amendment Searches and seizures can not happen without a search warrant ( if unreasonable)
5th amendment There are different legal steps that must be taken before depriving one of life, liberty & property.
6th amendment Everyone accused of crime must have a fair trial and must be knowledgeable of charges.
7th amendment Civil claims must be tried before a jury
8th amendment Courts are not allowed to have a ridiculously high bail and people can not be punished cruelly or unusually.
10th amendment The federal government only has powers over the constitution, the rest is for the states and the people
Alexis De Tocqueville A Frenchman who came to the U.S. to study prison system. Also wrote democracy in America.
Created by: victorianicole