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8/2/17

Stack Vocabulary Words

TermDefinition
FEDERALISM a often capitalized :the distribution of power in an organization (such as a government) between a central authority
ANTI-FEDERALISTS a person who opposed the adoption of the U.S. Constitution
SEPARATION OF POWERS the constitutional allocation of the legislative, executive, and judicial powers among the three branches of government
POPULAR SOVERIEGNTY a pre-Civil War doctrine asserting the right of the people living in a newly organized territory to decide by vote of their territorial legislature whether or not slavery would be permitted there
CHECKS & BALANCES a system that allows each branch of a government to amend or veto acts of another branch so as to prevent any one branch from exerting too much power
REPUBLICANISM the principles or the principles, policy, or practices of the Republican party of the U.S. :the Republican party or its members of the republican government
ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION he Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation, the first constitution of the United States, on November 15, 1777. However, ratification of the Articles of Confederation by all thirteen states did not occur until March 1, 1781.
1st AMENDMENT Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press
2nd AMENDMENT A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.
4th AMENDMENT The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue
5th AMENDMENT No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia
6th AMENDMENT In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation
7th AMENDMENT In Suits at common law ,the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.
8th AMENDMENT Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
10th AMENDMENT The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.
ALEXIS DE TOCQUEVILLE a French diplomat, political scientist, and historian. He was best known for his works Democracy in America ;living standards and social conditions of individuals, as well as their relationship to the market and state in Western societies.
Created by: JoblessHG
 

 



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