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Ch. 3 Test Review

U.S. Constitution

QuestionAnswer
In the Preamble to the Constitution, the Framers deliberately connected the new government directly to the _______________. people
The purpose of the Preamble is to______________ state the goals of our people; state the purposes of government
The main body of the Constitution is made up of _________ articles. seven
Article I deals with the __________. legislative branch
Article II deals with the ___________. executive branch
Article III deals with the ___________. judicial branch
Article IV deals with the __________. relations among the states and between the states and federal government
Article V deals with the ________. amendment process (how to change the Constitution)
Article VI deals with the _________ supremacy of the national government, public debts, and oaths of office.
Article VII deals with the _________. ratification process of the Constitution
This amendment guarantees the right to organize state militias and to bear arms 2nd Amendment
This amendment protects citizens from unreasonable search and seizure by government officials. 4th Amendment
This amendment prohibits self-incrimination and guarantees other rights of accused persons. 5th Amendment
This amendment prohibits excessive bail and cruel and unusual punishment. 8th Amendment
This amendment guarantees the right to a trial by jury in most civil cases. 7th Amendment
This amendment guarantees the right to a speedy trial by jury in criminal cases and right to a lawyer. 6th Amendment
This amendment guarantees freedom of religion, of speech, of the press, and right to assemble peaceably, and to petition the government. 1st Amendment
This amendment prohibits the quartering of troops in one’s house without the consent of the owner. 3rd Amendment
This amendment states that powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states or the people. 10th Amendment
This amendment states that the people have rights other than those explicitly expressed in the Constitution. 9th Amendment
Which article is often considered the most important article? Article I
Over the years, _____ amendments have been added to the Constitution. 27
The Bill of Rights refers to_________________. the first 10 Amendments
The 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments apply primarily to the rights of_________. African Americans
The _____ amendment lowered the voting age to eighteen. 26th
The _____ amendment gave women the right to vote. 19th
The first nine amendments to the Constitution support the principle of ____________ ______. limited government
John Marshall is chiefly responsible for which constitutional principle? _____________ judicial review
The Constitution was written in the year ______ and went into effect in ______ , making it the _________ constitution still in operation. 1787; 1789; oldest
This Constitutional principle states that courts have the power to decide whether a law or executive action is constitutional. judicial review
This Constitutional principle states that government is given the power to do only certain things. limited government
This Constitutional principle states that both the ruler and the people ruled are equally bound to the law. rule of law
This Constitutional principle states that each branch of government exercises a check on the power of the other two checks and balances
This Constitutional principle states that the people hold the supreme power to govern. popular sovereignty
This Constitutional principle states that power is divide among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches. separation of powers
This Constitutional principle states the Constitution is the supreme law of the United States. constitutional supremacy
Congress set a __________ year limit for some proposed amendments to be ratified. seven
What are the two ways an amendment can be proposed? 1. By a 2/3 vote of both houses of Congress 2. By a national convention called at the request of the legislatures of 2/3 of the states
What are the two ways an amendment can be ratified? 1. Approval by the legislatures of 3/4, or 38, of the states 2. By approval of ratifying conventions called by Congress by 3/4 of the states
Most changes to the Constitution have been through (formal/ informal)_____________ changes. informal