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U.S. Ch 12

Roosevelt and the New Deal: 1933-1941

TermDefinition
1. Polio an acute infectious disease affecting the skeletal muscles often resulting in permanent disability and deformity
2. Gold Standard a monetary standard in which one ounce of gold equaled a set number of dollars
3. Bank Holiday closing of banks during the great depression to avoid bank runs
4. Fireside Chats radio broadcasts made by FDR to the american people to explain his initiatives
5. New Deal A group of government programs and policies established under President Franklin D. Roosevelt in the 1930s
6. Hundred Days The first 100 days of Roosevelt administration where he and Congress passed 15 pieces of major legislation: March-June 1933
7. Civilian Conservation Corps public work relief program that operated from 1933 to 1942 in the United States for unemployed, unmarried men from relief families as part of the New Deal
8. Deficit Spending government practice of spending borrowed money rather than raising taxes, usually an attempt to boost the economy
9. Binding Arbiration disputing parties must adhere to the arbitrator's decision and usually cannot appeal the decision to a court
10. Sit-down strike method of boycotting work by sitting down at work and refusing to leave the establishment
11. American Liberty League American political organization formed in 1934, primarily of wealthy business elites and prominent political figures because they opposed the New Deal of Franklin D. Roosevelt
12. Works Progress Administration he largest and most ambitious New Deal agency, employing millions of unskilled workers to carry out public works projects
13. National Labor Relations Board an agency of the U.S. federal government that enforces the law regulating relations between unions and employers in the private sector
14. Congress of Industrial Organizations a federation of North American labor unions, organized largely by industry rather than craft
15. Francis Townsend American physician who was best known for his revolving old-age pension proposal during the Great Depression
17. Huey Long politician who served as the 40th governor of Louisiana from 1928 to 1932 and as a member of the United States Senate from 1932; slogan was "Share the Wealth"
18. Father Coughlin Roman Catholic priest who became a national celebrity during the 1930s by hosting a popular radio broadcast
19. Court Packing the act of changing the political balance of power in a nation's judiciary system whereby a nation leader
20. Broker State role of the government to work out conflicts among competing interest groups
21. Safety Net something that provides security against misfortune: specifically, government relief programs intended to protect against economic disaster
22. Frances Perkins the first woman appointed to the U.S. Cabinet; sociologist and workers-rights advocate who served as the U.S. Secretary of Labor from 1933 to 1945, the longest serving in that position
16. Social Security Act any government system that provides monetary assistance to people with an inadequate or no income