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Populist/Progressive

TermDefinition
First Reason for farmers economic Problem during Agrarian Movement Agricultural Overproduction
Second reason for farmers economic Problem during Agrarian Movement High cost
Third reason for farmers economic Problem during Agrarian Movement Farmer Indebtedness
Fourth reason for farmers economic Problem during Agrarian Periodic natural disaster
Agricultural Overproduction Increased farm production lead to more crops per acre but falling food prices
High Cost Farmers had to ship goods to market and were at the mercy of railroad rates.
Farmer indebtedness Farmers were constantly in debt
Periodic natural disasters a poor harvest could throw them into chaos.
Original goal of the Grange Movememt Reduce rural isolation
Grange movement turned into a group demanding economic and political reforms.
Grange movement helped The Interstate Commerce Act of 1887 passed to regulate railroads rates.
Railroads charged local farmers more for Short distances than large companies to ship longer distance
Commerce Act of 1887 this federal law prohibited unfair practices by railroads, such as charging higher rates for shorter routes. Commission established to enforce the act. 1st time Congress stepped in to regulate business in America
During the Law Against Anti- Competitive Practices believed in Laissez - faire government should not interfere in the operation of the free market
Laws Against Anti Competitive Practices government still had a role provide laws to protect property and enforce contracts; established a system of patents to promote inventions, and enacts tariffs to help manufactorers.
Sherman Anti- Trust Act Federal Law to stop monopolies engaging in unfair practices that prevented fair competition. Act marked significant change in the attitude of Congress toward the abuses of big business.
Shifting Trend from a gold Standard to flat Money Since ancient times, gold and silver have provided two accepted forms of exchange. During the 1800, the US had a bi-metallic system of Money
People wanted to switch to flat money in order to expand the money supply and stimulate economic activty
Flat Money has no intrinsic value, except when it is accepted as a medium of exchange.
Populist Party A national third party representing laborers, farmers, and industrial workers
Unlimited coinage of silver to raise farm prices and make loan repayments easier
Direct election of Senators instead of by state legislatures. becomes 17th amendment
Term Limits for Presidents permitting only a single term in office
Secret ballots to protect voters from intimidations
Government Ownership of railroads, telegraph, and telephones
Immigration restrictions with quotas
A graduated income tax to tax wealthy individuals at a higher rate
shorter Work day of eight hours
Election of 1892 Grover Cleveland, Benjamin Harrison
Third Parties in American Politics Help Educate voters on special issues
The Progressive movement Defined by the reform of Political parties , big business and labor practices
Impact of Progressive Social Reforms Writing made people more aware of racial prejudice in American Society
Booker T Washington Prominent African American Leader
Ida B. Wells African American Leader who worked to end lynching
Theodore Roosevelt Helped break up "Bad Trusts"
William Howard Taft Conservative progressive, elected president with Roosevelt's endorsement continued many of Roosevelt policies
Election of 1912 Split with the Republican Party helped Wilson win election
Wilson New Freedom The new freedom program sought to control business practices, promote greater competition, and lower tariff rates.
Federal Reserve Act created to regulate the amount of money in circulation
Federal Reserve System a plan that reformed how American banks were organized
Nineteenth Amendment After World War I amendment stated that no state could deny a citizen the vote on the basis of their sex
Traditional role of Woman women were treated as subservient
17th Ammendment established direct election of U. S senators by popular vote. Idea brought forth by the progressive party
18th Amendment established prohibition of alcoholic beverages in the United States by declaring the production , transport and sale of alcohol illegally.
Created by: spotsville2