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Colonial Culture

8.10-8.14 Colonial Government, Economy, & Religion

QuestionAnswer
Backcountry settlers clashed with French, Spanish & Native Americas
Middle Colonies cash crops were grown here
New England Colonies fishing was an important economic activity
Backcountry Scots-Irish lived here
Southern Colonies most enslaved African Americans lived here
Middle Colonies a diverse population
New England Colonies shipbuilding/shipping was an important economic activity
Middle Colonies well developed cities
New England Colonies the Puritans lived here
Middle Colonies the “Breadbasket” colonies
Southern Colonies planters lived here
New England Colonies Triangle of Trade
Southern Colonies plantation economy
New England Colonies shortest growing season
Southern Colonies longest growing season
Triangle of Trade 3 stops across the Atlantic Ocean
New England Colonies highest literacy rates
New England Colonies learn to read the Bible
House of Burgesses elected representatives to make laws
Mayflower Compact ". . . for our better ordering and preservation . . . frame just and equal laws . . .as shall be . . . for the general good of the colony . . . we promise . . submission and obedience."
Mayflower Compact pledge to obey the laws of the colony
Maryland Toleration Act "whatever person . . . shall blaspheme God, or deny . . . Jesus Christ . . shall be punished with death, and all his or her lands and goods will be given to the Lord Proprietary . . "
Maryland Toleration public whipping and a fine
slave codes rules to keep people in bondage under control
enslaved Africans sold by enemy tribes
Middle Passage movement of slaves from Africa to North America
Middle Passage part of the Triangle of Trade
overseers kept slaves working and under control
Stono Rebellion slave revolt
slave revolts led to stricter slave codes
culture the way of life of a group of people
mercantilism countries take resources from colonies to benefit themselves
voters white males with land
rights denied to colonial women voting; owning property; collecting wages
apprentice learned a trade from a craftsman; 4-7 year commitment
The Great Awakening inspired colonists to help others
town meetings direct democracy
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut first constitution in colonies; representative government
Created by: SDMS-Swain