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New Asian Empires 2

Vocabulary Terms

Hongwu – First emperor of the Ming Dynasty in China; he drove the Mongols out of China, Korea, and Manchuria.
Yonglo – Third emperor of the Ming Dynasty; ordered reconstruction of Beijing and made it the capital.
Zheng He – Admiral, diplomat, and explorer during China’s Ming Dynasty; his fleet visited more than 30 countries.
Matteo Ricci – Italian missionary who traveled to China in 1583. Introduced China to European learning in mathematics, science, and technology.
Kangxi – Emperor during the Qing Dynasty in China. Constructed many public works and was a patron of the arts due to a reign of relative internal peace.
Qianlong – Emperor of the Qing Dynasty from 1735 – 1796; Grandson of Kangxi. During his reign China expands to its greatest size. He limits foreign contacts and for traders to conduct business with the government, not individuals.
Lord George MacCartney – British diplomat; he visited China in 1793 to discuss expanding trade. He was sent away after his goods were found to be inferior and he refused to kowtow to the emperor.
Samurai – Professional Japanese warrior hired by wealthy landowners for protection in feudal Japan.
Bushido – Way of the warrior, code of behavior of Japanese samurai warriors stressing bravery, loyalty, and honor.
Zen Buddhism – Sect of Buddhism that stresses meditation as a means of achieving enlightenment; Becomes part of the Samurai Code.
Shogun – The hereditary chief of Japan’s warrior class who held the real power while the emperor ruled in name only.
Daimyo – A warrior lord in feudal Japan controlled vast amounts of land and commanded a private army of Samurai.
Tokugawa Ieyasu – Japanese warrior and dictator; he was appointed shogun by the emperor, thus assuming complete control of the government and establishing the Tokugawa Shogunate.
Haiku – A Japanese poem that consists of 17 syllables set in three lines.
Kabuki – A form of Japanese theater dating from the 1600’s, featuring stylized blend of singing and dancing; performances can last all day.
Created by: NavyBoatDriver
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