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HUMN 201 (Unit 2)

Who was Abbe Sieyes? Wrote a pamphlet called, "What is the Third Estate"
Who was Thomas Paine? Wrote the "Rights of Man"
Who was Olympe de Gouges? Wrote the "Rights of Woman"
Who was Mary Wollstonecraft? Wrote the "Vindication of the Rights of Women"
Who was Calonne? French economist who tried to reform the taxation system by proposing the confiscation of church property and disposing of tax exemptions
Who were Maupeaou and Turgot? French economists who suggested tax reforms in the Old Regime
Who is Necker? Financial advisor for Louis XVI who was fired for published a work that falsely summarized government income and expenditures
What good effect did Necker's published work have on the people of France? It caused them to be more informed and proactive in their government
Who was Brienne? French economist who succeeded Calonne and attempted to push Calonne's tax reforms through the Parliament of Paris
Who was Louis XVI? Monarch during the French Revolution who was beheaded for treason after attempting to flee France and leaving behind an anti-Reformation document
Who was Marie Antoinette? Wife of Louis XVI who was beheaded during the French Revolution
Who was Pope Pius VI? He condemned the Civil Constitution of the Clergy
Who was Leopold II? Austrian monarch who co-created the Declaration of Pillnitz, agreeing to go to war with France if every other European country agreed to it
Who was Frederick William? Prussian monarch who co-created the Declaration of Pillnitz, agreeing to go to war with France if every other European country agreed to it
Who was Edmund Burke? Wrote "Reflections on the Revolution in France"
What did Burke's "Reflections on the Revolution in France" say about the French Revolution? It denounced the Revolution as a rebellion against authority and tradition
Who was Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle? Wrote "The Marseillaise"
What was Rouget de Lisle's "Marseillaise" about? It was a call to arms and later became France's national anthem
Who was Maximilian Robespierre? The leader of the Committee of Public Safety during the French Revolution
Who was Charlotte Smith? Wrote "The Emigrants (A Disillusionment with the French Revolution"
What did Smith's "The Emigrants" say about the French Revolution? Why did she write it? She wrote it after Louis XVI's execution to call attention to the mob rule and bloodshed in France
Who was William Pitt? Prime Minister of England who suppressed liberal reforms in England after the execution of Louis XVI
Who was Toussaint L'Overture? Led a revolt of Haitian slaves
Who were Baucis and Philemon? An old couple in “Faust” who talk about Faust's godlessness and how he keeps offering them a trade for their land
Who was Faust? Main character of “Faust” whose soul is disputed over by God and Mephistopheles but is eventually won by God after spending his whole life striving
Who is Mephistopheles? Character in “Faust” who represents the devil and makes a deal with Faust; if he can give Faust one perfect experience in life, he gets Faust’s soul
Who is Margaret/Gretchen? Faust's love interest who gets pregnant, kills her baby, and goes insane in jail. She is saved by God and brought to Heaven while waiting to be executed
What does Margaret/Gretchen represent? Innocence.
Why is Margaret/Gretchen saved? She accepts her fate
What does Mephistopheles represent? Skepticism
In "Faust", evil is an accepted and natural part of God's universal system. What is an example of this? Mephistopheles is allowed into God's presence in the "Prologue in Heaven"
Why do Mephistopheles and Faust remain close throughout the book? Mephistopheles represents the negative elements in Faust's personality
Why is Mephistopheles unable to actually provide Faust with a perfect moment? Mephistopheles only understands Faust's negative qualities; he doesn't understand the positive sides of human nature, such as love
Who does Faust represent? All of humanity
Who was Wagner? A character in "Faust" who worked as Faust's assistant and represented Enlightenment ideals, such as reason
Who was Herder? German theologian who wrote “Ideas on the Philosophy of Mankind”
What is the Volk Identity and Volksgeist? Represents a nation (thus, idea of the power of nationalism)
Who was Fichte? Wrote, "Addresses to the German Nation"
Who was Baron Stein? Instrumental in the rebuilding of Prussia; he renewed moral, loosened the caste structure, gave burghers self government, opened the officer corps to all classes, abolished serfdom
Who was Marie Louise? Austrian Princess Napoleon married after ditching his first chick
Who was Louis XVIII? The first King of the restored French Monarchy after the defeat of Napoleon
Why did Louis XVIII make a constitution? He wanted to keep his position as monarch, but not lose the political progress France had made
What did Louis XVIII decree in his constitution? He gave legal equality for all citizens, allowed for open careers, parliamentary government, continuation of Napoleonic Law Codes, and the Concordat
What are some ideals of Romanticism? 1. Love of far away lands 2. Emphasis on feeling and passion 3. Individuality 4. Grandeur 5. Nationalism 6. The struggle against nature 7. Activism
Battle of Trafalgar Nelson won this battle at sea, making Britain the master of the seas
Berlin Decree and the Milan Decree Forbade the importation of British goods to any French allies
The Treaty of Tilsit Russia was defeated by France at the Battle of Friedland, so they made this treaty to ally with Napoleon against Britain
Battle of Leipzig Napoleon's first defeat, which was by the Russians, Prussians, Austrians, and British
Congress of Vienna International conference guided by four "Great Powers" of Austria, Great Britain, Russia, and Prussia
Guiding Principles of the Congress of Vienna The restoration of legitimate monarchs (legitimacy), a balance of power so that no country in Europe could get too much power, and repeated Congresses to maintain stability and prosperity
Battle of Waterloo Napoleon's final defeat before his permanent exile
Created by: 1145016488915233



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