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Chapter 4 US History

Backcountry The far western edges of the other colonies
Navigation Acts Laws passed by the English government to ensure that England made money from its colonies trade
Triangular Trade Complex system of transatlantic exchange of slaves, rum, sugar, and molasses
King Phillips War 1675-1676 Native American uprising against the Puritan Colonies
Subsistence Farming Producing just enough food for one's needs
Smuggling Importing or exporting goods illegally
Common Shared land where public activities took place
Bacon's Rebellion 1676 rebellion in Virginia led by Nathaniel Bacon
Eliza Lucas Introduced indigo as a successful plantation crop
Stono Rebellion 1739 slave rebellion in South Carolina
Cash Crops Crops raised to be sold for money
Overseers People who watch over and direct the work of slaves
Indigo Plant that produces a deep blue dye
Philadelphia Settlement on the Delaware River that became the fastest growing city in the colonies
Conestoga Wagons Covered wagons introduced by the German immigrants
Artisans Skilled craftspeople sch as blacksmiths or cabinet makers
Denomination Distinct religious group
Appalachian Mountains Mountain range stretching from eastern Canada to Alabama
Scots-Irish The name given to the people from the borderlands of Scotland and England and from the region of northern Ireland
Fall Line The point at which waterfalls prevent large boats from moving farther upriver
Piedmont The broad plateau that lies at the foot of the Blue Ridge Mountains of the Appalachian range
Clans Large groups of families that claim a common ancestor
Name 4 ethnic groups that settled in the middle colonies English, German, Dutch, French, Welsh, Irish, Scots-Irish, African, Swedish, Scottish
Identify 4 provisions of the Navigation Acts Tax anything not shipped to England - Used English ships only - Tobacco, wood & sugar were only shipped to England - European imports to colonies had to pass through English ports.
Name & discuss 4 characteristics of the Southern colonies Climate - warm, nearly year long growing season, Resources - Fertile soil. Social Class - Rich noble families, the poor, slaves & indentured servants. Religion - Anglicans
Name & discuss 4 characteristics of the Middle colonies Climate - short winters. Resources - fertile soil. Social class - the poor and middle class. Religion - Quakers
Congregation A group of people who belong to the same church
Mercantilism Economic system that European nations used to enrich their treasuries
Tidewater The flat land along the coast
Elite Highest ranking social group
Quakers Group of Protestant dissenters
Tolerance Acceptance of different opinions
Created by: 21stewart.sam



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