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became President after Lincoln’s assassination President Johnson
Johnson, a native southerner, was sympathetic to The South
Johnson's Reconstruction Plan seen as too_____ by Radical Republicans as it forgave former Confederate leaders and allowed them to vote and hold office lenient
Passed by the Radical Republicans in 1867; Former Confederate officials could not vote or hold office, Southern state constitutions had to include the 14th Amendment, African Americans had to be guaranteed the right to vote Reconstruction Act
Govt. agency that helped freed slaves by providing: food/clothing, jobs, medical care and education Freedmen’s Bureau
Reconstruction Amendments abolished slavery 13th
Reconstruction Amendments granted citizenship to persons born or naturalized in US as well as equal protection under the law 14th
Reconstruction Amendments gave freedmen the right to VOTE 15th
a system of renting and farming a piece land where land owner would often provide seed, fertilizer and tools sharecropping
Who would be paid with a SHARE of the crop at harvest time? landowner
What became widespread after Reconstruction into the 20th century? sharecropping
Who did the sharecropping? African Americans and poor whites throughout South
Sharecropping created a cycle of____ for many southern blacks because they did not earn enough cash for their crops to pay off their debts poverty
Sharecropping is sometimes called "_______” by another name slavery
a slang term many southerners called northerners who moved South after the Civil War; some helped but many profited from the impoverished conditions Carpetbagger
issued Emancipation Proclamation (1863) President Lincoln
did not want to punish South after the Civil War; urged for reconciliation after the Civil War along with_________ Robert E. Lee
Lincoln's Reconstruction Plan: only ___% of southern voter had to take an oath of loyalty to the U.S. and slavery had to be abolished 10%
laws put in place in the South during the early years after the Civil War that severely limited the rights of freedmen Black Codes
Who in Congress were outraged, took charge of Reconstruction and threw out these laws known as Black Codes Radical Republicans
Reconstruction Plans Chronology Ten Percent Plan (Lincoln, 1863) Wade-Davis Bill (1864) Johnson Plan (1865) Reconstruction Act (1867)
a landmark Supreme Court decision in which the Court ruled that segregation was legal as long as facilities for blacks and whites were equal Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
What became known as the concept of “separate but equal” segregation
After Reconstruction, southern states put these 3 measures in place as a way to stop blacks from exercising their right to vote: Poll Taxes, Literacy Tests and Grandfather Clauses
unfair laws that required a fee to vote; used the economic status of African Americans against them (most had very little money) Poll Taxes
required voters to read and explain difficult sections of the constitution (many African American in South had little to no education) Literacy Test
further discriminated against southern blacks by giving exemptions to literacy tests to those whose fathers/grandfathers could vote on or before Jan. 1867; only whites could vote at that time Grandfather Clauses
Laws created in the South that legally separated the races; aka - segregation Jim Crow Laws
Give 5 examples of places that were segregated separate schools, restrooms, water fountains, restaurants, movie theaters
Republican Rutherford B Hayes was elected in 1876; removes all federal troops in southern states, and marks the end of which time period in U.S. History End of Reconstruction
Created by: andrea_tavenner