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civics

unit 2 vocabulary

TermDefinition
Enumorated powers given to the federal government only.
concurrent those powers shared by the national and state governments.
executive branch of government that enforces the law
preamble the introduction to the constitution that states the goal
Amendment any change to the constitution
separation of powers the idea that government should be divided into 3 branches to avoid abuse of power.
charters of the Virginia company established that the rights of Englishmen would be guaranteed to the colonists
Elastic Clause Gives Congress the power to make all laws necessary and proper to carry out its duties.
Reserved powers given to state governments only
Virginia Declaration of Rights served as the model for the Bill of Rights of the U.S. constitution
Legislative Branch branch of government that makes the laws
Ratification to approve. The constitution was ratified June 1788
Declaration of Independence Established and listed the unalienable rights of all men. Colonial grievances against the king. The idea of equality under the law. the colonies' independence from Great Britain (England).
Judicial Branch The branch of government that interprets the laws.
articles of confederation established the first form of national government for the independent states,allowing the states to keep the major powers of government of government.
Articles the 7 sections of the constitution following the preamble
constitution established structure of the present national government of the United States
Virginia Statute for Religous Freedom established freedom of religous beliefs and opinions,serving as the basis for part of the first amendment to the constitution
checks and balances A system in which each branch of government is able to limit the power of the other branches.
shay's Rebellion One of the final events proving the weakness of the articles of Confederation and leading to the convention to revise the articles
Created by: starr0464