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Unit 2

Revolution & Constitution

Stamp Act new tax designed to help pay war debts, angered the colonists
minutemen civilian soldiers who were to be ready to fight with only a moment's notice
Patriots colonists who supported Independence
Hessians German soldiers hired by the British to fight in the Revolution
King George III King of England at the time of the Revolution who wanted additional tax revenue from the colonists, was outraged when he lost the colonies
Charles Cornwallis I fought for the British during the Revolution and was defeated by Washington at the Battle of Yorktown
Benedict Arnold I am the famous traitor of the war who attempted to give West Point to the British but my plan was caught
legislative branch Congress, makes laws
Executive Branch President, enforces laws
Judicial Branch Courts, interpret laws
antifederalist those against the new constitution due to its strong central government and lack of bill of rights
France Nation that was America's ally during the Revolutionary War against Britain, entered the war after the battle of Saratoga
Preamble introduction to the Constitution which states its purpose
Articles of Confederation initial framework of government for the new United States, it purposely created a very weak central government with only one branch, the legislative branch
Federalist Papers series of persuasive essays written to influence the ratification of the new Constitution
checks and balances system designed to stop one branch of government from becoming too powerful
electoral college group of electors for each state to vote for the president based on the state's number of senators and representatives
Shay's Rebellion led by a veteran of the Revolutionary War, due to anger over heavy debts and taxes, showed a need for a stronger government
loyalists colonists loyal to King George III
Intolerable Acts series of laws passed by Parliament in response to the Boston Tea Party, seen as punishments by the colonists
Battle of Saratoga Patriot victory here was the turning point of the war bringing the French in as an ally and ending British plans to take New England
Battle of Germantown costly American defeat here allowed the British under General Howe to maintain their hold on Philadelphia
Battle of Bunker Hill 1st large scale engagement of the Revolution, Patriots were defeated here, but the British suffered heavy casualties
Treaty of Paris peace treaty of 1783 concluding the Revolutionary War granting American independence
Valley Forge winter headquarters for the Continental Army in 1777, morale was low, difficult winter
The Association created by the 1st Continental Congress to boycott British goods as a means of having grievances dealt with
Marquis de Layfayette French aristocrat who fought with Washington for American independence
Townshend Act created the very unpopular tea tax which resulted in increased smuggling and growing unrest in Boston
Thomas Paine author of Common Sense which helped promote the Patriots cause and encourage colonists to fight and to reject the idea of government by a king, but instead independence
Boston Massacre killing of 5 colonists by British soldiers which resulted in anger spreading throughout the colonies against the British
Created by: ndouvier