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13 Colonies

Social Studies 4th

colony a territory settled by people from another county and controlled by that country
agriculture practice of farming and raising livestock for food, wool, or other products
apprentice someone who is learning a trade by working with someone who is skilled in that field
merchant a person who buys and sells goods; a trader
economy the system people use to produce goods and services
surplus an extra supply of something (the colonists had a surplus of wheat)
import bringing goods and services into a county from another location
export sending goods and services to another location in order to sell them
New England Colonies Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Rhode Island
Mid Atlantic Colonies New York, Pennsylvania, Delaware, New Jersey
Southern Colonies Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia
New England characteristics -industries were ship building, whaling, and fishing (cod was a main resource) -forests used for lumber to build ships and harbors (expert ship builders) -trader lumber, maple syrup, horses, furs (beavers were prized for their warm plush fur)
Mid Atlantic characteristics -rich fertile soil for farming crops like wheat, corn, barley, pumpkins, potatoes -wide long rivers for trading -"Bread Basket Colonies" -Artisans and Craftsmen - shoemakers, blacksmiths, silversmiths, printers, tailors, cabinetmakers
Southern characteristics agriculture- best climate for farming crops like tobacco, cotton, and indigo plantation- large farm used for growing crops, tended to be servants and slaves
Created by: Kashally



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