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US History Unit 3

Creating the U.S. Constitution

Northwest Ordinance of 1787 provided guidelines for governing new states
The Articles of Confederation America's first national government
Constitutional Convention of 1787 The goal was to fix the Articles of Confederation
The Great Compromise was an agreement that large and small states reached during the Constitutional Convention of 1787 that in part defined the legislative structure and representation that each state would have under the United States
House of Representatives based on the state's population
Senate all states are equal with 2 votes
3/5th Compromise 3/5th of a states slave population would be counted for representation and taxation
Federalist strong national government with increased powers, protect rights of people, Bill of Rights is unnecessary, government powers are limited by the constitution. John Adams and Alexander Hamilton
The Anti-Federlists weaker national government to protect individual/state's rights, Bill of Rights to guarantee natural rights, Thomas Jefferson
The Federalist Paper series of pro-ratification essays, written by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay and James Madision
Bill of Rights First 10 Amendments of the Constitution, Ensured ratification of the Constitution by Anti-Federlists
Popular sovereignty the will of people
separation of powers powers divided to protect against corruption in the hands of a few
checks and balances branches are restrained by other 2
judicial review courts determine the constitutionality of law
federalism divided governments/ shared powers
Amendment 1 Freedom of: religion, speech, press, right to peacefully assemble, petition the governement
Amendment 2 form state militias and bear arms
Amendment 3 no quartering soldiers
Amendment 4 rights against illegal search and seizures
Amendment 5 rights of the accused-double jeopardy, due process
Amendment 6 right of a speedy trial, knowledge of your crime
Amendment 7 right of a jury trial in most civil cases
Amendment 8 prohibits excessive bail
Amendment 9 assures that other basic rights exist that are not specifically stated in the Bill of Rights
Amendment 10 rights not given to the federal government are reserved for the states and the people
Created by: Mrs.Ingerick