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History Section 12 Chapters 1 --> 2, page 398

Renaissance European time of rebirth, between 1350 and 1550
Urban society (characteristics of renaissance) Powerful city states that became the center of political, economic, and social life with worldly viewpoints
Age of recovery (characteristics of renaissance) Recovery from plague, political instability, and decline of church power
New viewpoint of mankind (characteristics of renaissance) Humanism, realization of what humans could actually achieve
Milan One of the richest city-states in Italy, located in the north at the crossroads of main trade route
Francesco Sforza conquered Milan and became the new duke. Led mercenaries, and created an efficient tax system and generated revenue for the government
Venice Major northern city-state. Link between Asia and Western Europe for trade. republic with an elected leader called a doge.
Florence Dominated the region of Tuscany, had many successful wars against their neighbors
Cosimo de Medici Took control from behind the scenes, used wealth and personal influence to dominate. Ruled in Florence.
Lorenzo de Medici Cosimo's grandson, who ruled after he died
Girolomo Sovonarola Began condemning the corruption of the Medici, and citizens became frustrated. He was a preacher. Overthrew Medici, but people didnt like his strict rules, so they got Medici back.
Niccolo Machiavelli Wrote a book called The Prince that influenced political leaders. Said a ruler must put your state first, and not focus on moral principles. (If you do something that bad, but the outcome if for the better, then its right. for power)
Noble Nobles were the leaders of the land. Had to have character, grace talent. Had to be warrior but with classical education, and had to follow a code of conduct. Their goal was to serve the prince in an effective an honest way.
Dowry A sum of money that the family gave to the husband upon marriage
Humanism Study of all the things that humans create, such as history, poetry, grammar, rhetoric, literature, math, music, etc...
Petrarch Believed we needed to stress education, and emphasized classical Latin to writings of scholars and lawyers.
Dante Wrote Divine Comedy, about the journey a soul makes to salvation (either good or bad)
Chaucer Wrote The Canterbury Tales, used English dialect to tell the tale of pilgrims journeying to the tomb of Saint Thomas
Vernacular The language Chaucer wrote in, making this kind of literature popular (slang)
Christine de Pizan Wrote in French dialect, about women's rights of education.
Fresco Painting done on fresh wet plaster with water-based paints. Created three dimensional illusions leading to a new realistic style of painting.
Realism painting Painting with real proportions
Leonardo da Vinci Painted mostly realistic paintings, idealized forms of nature+humans
Raphael Was well known for Madonna paintings. Works reveal balanced, harmony, and order.
Michelangelo Painter, sculptor, architect. Depictions of idealized humans meant divine beauty. Famous for paintings at the top of the Vatican.
Flanders Most important art school in northern Europe.
Jan van Eyck First to use oil paintings
Albrecht Durer Traveled to Italy to study Italian standards and laws of perspective.
Created by: helenb16



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