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Chapter 7 Test-LA

QuestionAnswer
1 A war fought between England and France and their allies between 1756 and 1763 French and Indian War
2 a treaty of 1762 in which France kept Louisiana out of British hands by secretly transferring it to Spain before peace negotiations began Treaty of Fontainebleu
3 the treaty that formally ended the French and Indian War; in it, France lost all of its North American holdings except for a few Caribbean islands, and Spain transferred control of Florida to the British in exchange for the return of Cuba Treaty of Paris of 1763 (1762)
4 a military force composed mainly of citizen-soldiers militia
5 the reorganized form of colonial government instituted by Governor O’Reilly to replace the French Superior Council; also the name of the building where the government met Cabildo
6 the name given to the new code of laws for the Spanish colony of Louisiana based on the Spanish Laws of the Indies Code O’Reilly
7 a doctrine of noninterference by a government in economic affairs laissez-faire
8 the war in which the American colonists fought for their independence from Great Britain American Revolution
9 the agreement that ended the American Revolution and made the United States an independent nation Treaty of Paris of 1783
10 the document, in effect between 1781 and 1787, that set forth the form of government for the colonies during the American Revolution and for the United States after the war until it was replaced by the U.S. Constitution Articles of Confederation
11 free men of color Gens de couleur libres
12 protection from danger or distress refuge
13 to grant money toward a useful cause subsidize
14 people who came to Louisiana from Málaga, Spain; their descendants helped found New Iberia Malaguenos
15 How is this statue related to Louisiana’s history? She is a symbol of the Acadians and their migration to Louisiana.
16 Who did Spain support during the French and Indian War? France
17 How was Spanish slave law different from the French Code Noir (Black Code)? It gave slaves the right to purchase their freedom.
18 How did O’Reilly’s arrival in Louisiana differ from Ulloa’s? Spain provided a great show of military support.
19 Why did the French transfer the Louisiana colony to Spain? They knew that they were going to lose the French and Indian War.
20 Why did Anglo-American settlers begin moving to Louisiana in the late 1780s? The Spanish government offered land grants.
21 What was one of the greatest successes of the Spanish colonial period? attracting large numbers of new immigrants
22 What was Miró’s main focus as Governor of the Louisiana colony? regulate the unruly city of New Orleans
23 Which migration is detailed in the poem? Acadian
24 It what way did Gálvez aid the American colonists in the American Revolution before Spain formally declared war on England? He allowed the Continental Army to buy supplies at the port of New Orleans.
25 Why didn’t the British attempt to stop the transfer of the Louisiana colony to Spain? It was completed in secret and they were unaware.
26 Why was Spain willing to take control of Louisiana even though the colony had not been profitable for France? to protect their Mexican silver mines
27 What was the name of the colonists who came to Louisiana from the Canary Islands? Isleños
28 What hindered the military movement of the Spanish in the Gulf of Mexico during the American Revolution? hurricanes
29 What does laissez-faire mean? government does not interfere with the economy
30 How is the French Superior Council related to the Revolt of 1768? Council members encouraged citizens to openly rebel against Spanish rule.
31 What region of Louisiana is sometimes referred to as the “Florida Parishes” due to the fact that it was once part of Spanish Florida? the parishes north and northwest of Lake Pontchartrain
32 Which best describes the reputation of New Orleans when Esteban Miró became Governor in 1785? urban, disorderly, rowdy
33 What desired characteristics were the Spanish looking for when they encouraged migrants from The Canary Islands and the Málaga region of Spain? Spanish-speaking and ability to serve as soldiers
34 How did Alejandro O’Reilly earn the nickname Bloody O’Reilly? Colonists felt that his punishments for the 1768 revolt were too harsh.
35 The descendants of which group established an important trading post in New Iberia? Malaguenos
36 What was Spain’s goal for the Louisiana colony? maintain it with little cost
37 What treaty transferred Louisiana from France to Spain? Fontainebleau
38 Which was a direct result of the French and Indian War? The French lost the Louisiana colony.
39 What conclusion can be drawn from this passage? The beliefs and ideals of the French Revolution inspired and united many people.
40 What event is being described in the passage? 1795 Pointe Coupee slave conspiracy
41 What improvements did Carondelet make to the city of New Orleans? oil-lit lamps to increase safety and a canal connecting Bayou St. John to Lake Pontchartrain
42 How did Gálvez’s economic approach differ from Ungaza? Gálvez actively worked to control trade while Ungaza was laissez-faire in this economic approach.
43 What factors attracted the Acadians to Louisiana? Spanish support and Catholicism
44 How did the French Revolution affect Carondelet’s term as Governor of Louisiana? He focused much of his time and leadership towards monitoring for signs of unrest and suppressing any revolutionary support.
45 Which elaborates on Unzaga’s recommendation in the passage? This would assist in their assimilation and acceptance with the colonists.
46 What were the conflicting goals of France and England in the 1750s that eventually led to war? France wanted to control the fur trade and link their land holdings while the British wanted to expand to the west.
47 Which explains how Luis de Unzaga improved relations between the Spanish government and the people of Louisiana. He tacitly (approval without saying) allowed trading with the British to feed the colonists or aide his allies.
48 Why is the architecture of the French Quarter not French? because a devastating fire destroyed most of the city and had to be re-built during Spanish rule.
49 What was the name of the FIRST constitution ratified by the United States? the Articles of Confederation
50 How are the locations marked on the map related to Governor Gálvez? They are the locations of British forts he captured during the American Revolution.
Created by: Colleen Frazier