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Law & You Ch 1 Vocab

Vocabulary Ch 1

Human Rights All rights people have simply because they are human
Criminal Law Laws which regulate conduct. If broken result in consequences such as fines, prison or both
Felonies More serious crimes punishable by 1 year or more of prison or jail time
Misdemeanors Crimes punishable by 1 year or less of jail time, fines, or both
Civil Law Cases where one person or group feels another person or group has done them harm(divorce, accidents, not being paid for a job)
Civil Action Term for the lawsuit brought by individual or group feeling wronged or injured against those they feel harmed them
Defendant Person whom a criminal or civil suit is brought in court
Plaintiff Person/company who brings the suit in a Civil suit
Prosecutor Person who represents the government in a criminal case (working to find defendant guilty)
Beyond a reasonable doubt Having no doubts or question about a defendants guilt
Preponderance of the evidence Evidence is clear and/or convincing
Limited government A government with restrictions on its power as written in laws and a constitutional
Separation of powers Political authority, leadership and power is divided into 3 branches. (US= Legislative, Executive, Judicial)
Statutes A law written by a legislative branch
Checks and Balances Controlling actions by one branch of government toward another with the purpose of balancing power in the government
Veto Presidents power to say NO to a bill coming from congress
Judicial Review Review of laws and actions by leaders to determine if those laws or actions conflict with the Constitution
Unconstitutional A law or action which is in conflict with the Constitution
Federalism government in which a national government and state governments share power
Bill of Rights First 10 amendments to the Constitution which defines and guarantees the fundamental rights and liberties to all Americans
reatification approval of a constitution, a law, treaty or other agreement
Created by: ackermanb
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