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E, R, and N Review

Enlightenment, Revolution, and Nationalism Review

Gravity Force that tends to pull one mass or object to another
Heliocentric Based on the belief that the sun is the center of the universe
Scientific Method Painstaking method used to confirm findings and to prove or disprove a hypothesis
Scientific Revolution Period in the 1500s and 1600s in which scientific thinkers challenged traditional ideas and relied on observation and experimentation
Baron de Montesquieu Wrote the Spirit of Laws, which designed a three-branch system of government
Consent of the Governed Permission given by the people in a country to the government allowing them to rule, usually through voting
Enlightenment The period in the 1700’s in which people rejected traditional ideas and supported a belief in human reason
Jean-Jacques Rousseau Wrote the Social Contract – stressed that man was born free and became corrupted
John Locke Wrote Two Treatises of Government, which outlined the Natural Rights of life, liberty, and property
Natural Rights Rights that belongs to all humans from birth
Social Contract Agreement by which people give up their freedom to a powerful government in order to avoid chaos
Absolute Monarch Ruler with complete authority over the government and the lives of the people
Bourgeoisie The middle class
Declaration of the Rights of Man French document which was a first step towards writing a constitution
Divine Right Belief that a ruler’s authority comes directly from God
Maximilien Robespierre Chief architect of the Reign of Terror
Napoleon Bonaparte General who became self-proclaimed Emperor of France
Napoleonic Code Law code established by Napoleon Bonaparte in 1804; served as an example for the law codes of other countries
National Assembly Group formed mostly by the Third Estate in France in 1789 with the intention of writing a new constitution
Reign of Terror A period during which French revolutionary courts executed 40,000 people mostly by use of the guillotine
Blood and Iron A speech given by Otto von Bismarck that explained a plan to use war and industry to unify and expand Germany
Giuseppe Garibaldi Italian nationalist who led his “Red Shirts” in the quest to create Italy
Nationalism A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one’s country
Otto von Bismarck Nationalist Prime Minister of Germany who utilized a plan of “Blood and Iron” to unify the country
Simon Bolivar “The Liberator”; led successful independence movement against the Spanish in Latin America
Created by: LHSGLOBAL2
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