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Scramble for Africa
|In order to prevent war among European nations, This convened between 1884-1885.
|This idea about evolution and "survival of the fittest" fed into the racism that many imperialist used as justification in taking over African lands and people.
|Descendants of the Dutch won the first one; the British one the second one.
|The Boer wars
|Governing by providing for peoples' needs, but not allowing them to have any rights.
|When local populations adopt the culture and traditions of imperial occupants.
|Ethiopia was the only African nation successful in resisting Europeans. This leader is given credit for this.
|King Leopold II committed atrocities in this colony.
|This wealthy businessman traded in diamonds and believed colonies should be rules locally, not from distant governments.
|What two countries cam very close to war over the Sudan region just south of Egypt.
|Brittan and France
|This major change in the production of goods (increase in machine made goods) led Europeans to 'Scramble' for more raw materials in Africa.
|European imperialism was inevitable due to their superior________________. The Africans were just no match
|One of Britain's strategic moves in the Scramble for Africa was taking over Egypt. They wanted an easier route to their colony in India through this waterway.
|The 'Dark Continent' was a nickname given to Africa because
|It was mysterious and had a lot of unknowns
|Rudyard Kipling described the sense of duty that some Europeans felt in a poem with this title.
|" White Mans Burden"
|Over 90% of the African continent was divided up among European powers without any regard to previously existing ethnic divisions. This is probably because 'these people' were excluded from the meeting.
|The Scramble for Africa had devastating effects on traditional African culture. However, it also created intense rivalries among the European powers. They became intensely proud and craved power and prestige. This intense pride is called________________.
|A positive effect of the Scramble on the continent of Africa was
|Roads, railroads, telegraph, medical care, school, and new farming methods
|European insistence on the growth of these things in Africa lead to a food shortage for Africans.
|These two countries are the only ones that were never colonized.
|Liberia and Ethiopia
|This country came late to the "game" and actually lost money on their colonies. However, they kept them out of extreme nationalistic pride.
|The Treaty of Berlin mandated that nations go to, keep secure, and utilize resources for economic purposes. This means it had to be_____________________________.
|Europeans justified their imperialistic actions in Africa by claiming they were introducing Africans to these "3 C's".
|Commerce, Christianity, and Civilization
|Menelik II kept Europeans out of Ethiopia by doing this.
|Traded with European countries for modern weapons
|What were the terms of the Treaty of Berlin?
|1. Effectively occupied 2. Abolish Slavery 3. Free access to all water ways
|Define the scorched earth policy.
|you deprive your enemy of shelter and food by burning it
|when a bigger country takes over a small place to exploit it and take over it's material
|What did King Leopold II use his colony for and why was it taken away?
|He used it for production of rubber and ivory. It was taken away because he mistreated the people who lived there