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Schwartz AP Gov 6

Campaigns and Elections

Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act (BCRA) (2002) act that banned soft money contributions and increased the limits on hard money contributions
blanket primary allows voters to cast ballots for candidates in multiple parties
Buckley v Valeo Supreme court case on campaign finance. Ruled that limits on election spending in the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 were unconstitutional
closed primary only voters registered for the party holding the primary may vote
coattail effect tendency for a popular political party leader to attract votes for another candidate in the same party
Federal Elections Campaign Act (FECA) the primary US federal law regulating political campaign spending and fundraising. Focused on increased disclosure of contributions
Federal Elections Commission agency whose purpose is to enforce campaign finance law
front loading states scheduling their primaries and caucuses earlier to boost their political clout and enhance tourism
general election regular election for statewide or national office , as opposed to a primary
hard money donations given directly to a candidate, that can be traced and regulated
incumbent officeholder seeking re-election
invisible primary phase where the candidates compete in polls and appear in the media to see who is "fit to run"
Iowa caucuses rank and file party members meet to discuss candidates and take a vote on who they like
McConnell v FEC upheld the constitutionality of most of the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act
midterm elections federal elections that take place halfway through a president's term
New Hampshire primary traditionally first primary in the US, candidates travel the state to seek endorsement
open primary a primary election where voters are not required to declare party affiliations
plurality the number of votes cast for a candidate who receives more than any other but does not receive a majority
political action committees (PACS) an organization that raises money privately to influence elections or legislation
primary election a preliminary election to select candidates for a general election
runoff election election that the top two vote-getters compete in to guarantee a majority for one or the other
soft money cash donations to a party or candidate that is not tracked
sound bites short, simple phrases, less than 10 seconds, that oversimplify a candidate's position and cast a positive or negative light
Super Tuesday day when several states hold primaries on the same day, usually in February or March
winner take all the candidate who wins a plurality of votes receives all that states' electoral votes
Created by: schwarms1