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Chapter 3 US History

TermDefinition
New Netherland Dutch Colony that later became New York
Peter Stuyvesant Governor of the Dutch Colony of New Netherland
William Penn Quaker founder of Pennsylvania
Patroon Person rewarded with a large land grant for bringing 50 settlers to New Netherland
Lord Baltimore Catholic owner of the colony of Maryland
Margret Brent Attorney of the governor of Maryland
Act of Toleration Maryland law that forbade religious persecution
Huguenots French Protestants
James Oglethorpe The founder of Georgia
Proprietary colony Colony governed by a single owner, or proprietor
Elite Highest ranking social group
Diversity Variety
Region Distinct area of land
Tidewater Flat land along the coast
John Winthrop Puritan leader who became the first governor of the Massachusetts Bay colony
Pilgrims Separatist group that traveled to America to gain religious freedom
Mayflower Compact Document that helped establish the practice of self government
Puritans English dissenters who wanted to reform the church of England
Great Migration The movement of tens of thousands of English settlers to New England during the 1630's
Roger Williams Puritan dissenter who was banned from Rhode Island
Anne Hutchinson Puritan dissenter who was banned from Massachusetts
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut Document that has been called the first written constitution of America
Quakers Group of Protestant dissenters
Dissenter Person who disagrees with an official church
Persecute To mistreat
Tolerance Acceptance of different opinions
Congregation Group of people who belong to the same church
Banish To force someone to leave a place
Sir Walter Raleigh Founder of England's first American Colony (Roanoke, NC)
Mercantilism Economic system that European nations used to enrich their treasuries
Jamestown First Permanent Settlement in North America
John Smith Leader of the Jamestown colony
Headright Land grant given to one who could pay his or her way to the colonies
Indentured servant One who worked for a set time without pay for a free passage to America
House of Burgesses The Virginia assembly which was the first representative assembly in the American colonies
Joint-stock company Company Funded by a group of investors
Investor Person who puts money into a project to earn a profit
Charter Written contract giving the right to establish a colony
Royal colony Colony ruled by the King's royal officials
Identify 3 things that happened to save Jamestown Pocahontas married a colonist , Lord De La Warr focused the people into farming instead of searching for riches , & tobacco farming brought them riches.
Why did the colonists settle in the middle colonies? More religious freedom, rich soil , mild winters , & rivers encouraged trade
Created by: 21stewart.sam
 

 



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