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constitution a detailed, written plan for government.
bicameral a legislature consisting of two parts, or houses.
confederation a group of individuals or state governments.
ratify to vote approval of.
constitution convention meeting of state delegates in 1787 leading to adoption of new constitution.
great compromise agreement providing a dual system of congressional representation.
three fifths compromise agreement providing that enslaves persons would count as three-fifths of other persons in determining representation in congress.
electoral college a group of people named by state legislature to select the president and vice president.
federalists supporters of the constitution.
federalism a form of government in which power is divided between the federal, or national, a government and the state.
anti-federalists those who opposed ratification of the constitution.
preamble the opening section of the constitution.
legislative branch the lawmaking branch of the government.
executive branch the branch of the government that carries out laws.
judicial branch the branch of the government that interprets laws.
amendment any change in the constitution.
popular sovereignty the notion that power lies with the people.
rule of law principle that the law applies to everyone to everyone, even those who govern.
separation of powers the split of authority among the legislative, executive, and judicial branch.
checks and balances a system in which each branch of government is able to check, or restrain, the power of the others.
expressed powers powers that congress has that specifically listed in the constitution.
reserved powers powers that the constitution does not give to the national government that are kept away by the states.
concurrent powers powers that are shared by the states and federal government.
Created by: jamieserra
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