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9th CIVICS JORGE

JORGE - CIVICS CHAPTER 1 REVIEW STUDY GUIDE

QuestionAnswer
COMPROMISE The process of blending and adjusting competing views and interest.
ANARCHY Absolute freedom can exist only in a state of ____________ the total absence of government.
FREE ENTERPRISE ______ ___________ Characterized by the private ownership of capital goods, investments made by private decision, not by government directive and success of failure determined by competition in the marketplace.
LAW OF SUPPLY AND DEMAND ____ ____ ________ ___ ________ states that when supplies of goods and and services become plentiful, prices tend to drop. When supplies become scarcer, prices tend to rise.
MIXED ECONOMY An economy in which private enterprise exists in combination with a considerable amount of government regulation and promotion is called a ________ ___________.
GOVERNMENT ______________ The institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies.
LEGISLATIVE ___________ power to make law and to frame public policies.
JUDICIAL ___________ power to interpret laws, to determine their meaning, and to settle disputes that arise within the society.
CONSTITUTION _______________ Body of fundamental laws setting out the principles, structures, and processes of a government.
DICTATORSHIP _______________ those who rule cannot be held responsible to the will of the people.
DEMOCRACY _____________ supreme authority rests within the people.
STATE _______ A body of people, living in a defined territory, organized politically, and with the power to make and enforce law without the consent of any higher authority.
HOMOGENIOUS _______________ describes members of a group who share customs, a common language, and ethic background.
SOVEREIGNTY ____________ it has supreme and absolute power within its own territory and can decide its own foreign and domestic policies.
FORCE THEORY ____________ ____________One person or a small group claimed control over an area and forced all within it to submit to that person's group's rule. When that rule was established, all the basic elements of the state, were present.
EVOLUTIONARY THEORY ___________ ____________ the state developed naturally out of the early family. Say that the primitive family, of which one person was the head and thus the "government" was the first stage in political development. Over countless yearsthe original family became a network of related families, a clan. In time the clan became a tribe. When the tribe first turned to agriculture and gave up its nomadic ways, tying itself to the land, the state was born.
DEVINE RIGHT THEORY ____________ ____________Gods created the state and the God had given those of royal birth a "divine right" to rule The people were bound to obey their ruler as they would God: opposition to "the divine right of kings" was both treason and mortal sin.
SOCIAL CONTRAST ____________ ____________ Says human beings overcame their unpleasant condition by agreeing with one another to create a state. By contrast, people within a given area agreed to give up to the state as much power as was needed to promote the safety and well-being of all. States that the state arose out of a voluntary act of free people.
PATRIOTISM ____________ the love of one's country; the passion which aims to serve one's country, either defending it from invasion, or by protecting its rights and maintaining its laws and institutions in vigor and purity.
DIRECT DEMOCRACY ____________ ____________, also called a pure democracy, exists where the will of the people is translated into public policy(law) directly by the people themselves, in mass meetings.
REPRESENTATIVE DEMOCRACY ____________ ____________a small group of persons, chosen by the people to act as their representatives, expressed the popular will.
OLIGARCY ____________ government in which the power to rule is held by a small, usually self-appointed elite.
AUTOCRACY ____________ those in power hold absolute and unchallengeable authority over the people,
UNITARY GOVERNMENT ____________ ____________: a centralized government. All powers held by the government belong to a single, central agency.
FEDERAL GOVERNMENT One which the powers of government are divided between a central and several local governments.____________ ____________.
PRESIDENTIAL GOVERNMENT Features a separationa separationof powers between the executive and the legislative branches of the gocernment ____________ ____________.
PARLIMENTARY GOVERNMENT ____________ the executive is made up of the prime minister or premier; and the legislative branches of the government ____________ ____________.
EXECUTIVE ____________ power to execute, enforce, and administer law.
CONFEDERATE GOVERNMENT A CENTRAL ORGANIZATION, THE ____________ ____________.HAS THE POWER TO HANDEL ONLY THOSE MATTERS THAT THE MEMBER STATES HAVE ASSIGNED TO IT.
Created by: asimien907
 

 



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