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Chapter 5 Test-LA

QuestionAnswer
____ 1. A scientists who uses artifacts from the past to try to understand prehistoric people archaeologists
____ 2. An ancient garbage dump midden
____ 3. Wandering from place to place nomadic
____ 4. a throwing stick used by prehistoric people, made up of a shaft of wood with a small cup or groove on the end into which the base of the spear was placed atlatl
____ 5. An artificial hill built by Meso people as early as 5000 B.C; believed to be used, in the earliest form, for special ceremonies, but not for burials mound
____ 6. An object made by humans, especially an ancient tool or weapon artifact
____ 7. Settled farming agriculture
____ 8. A time before written history prehistoric
____ 9. natural resistance to disease immunity
____ 10. a group of native people who share a name, common ancestry, language, and way of living Tribe
____ 11. a formal agreement between two or more nations. treaty
____ 12. corn maize
____ 13. Which statement BEST explains the information on the SG map? There is less land in the world today.
____ 14. How did the Natchez uprising negatively affect the French colonists? They lived in fear.
____ 15. Which disease was NOT brought to the Americas by European explorers? typhoid
____ 16. According to the SG map, where did de Soto begin his expedition in North America? near Tampa, Florida
____ 17. According to the map, where did de Soto encounter the Mississippi River for the first time? near Memphis, Tennessee
____ 18. According to the map, where did de Soto’s men go after his death? Texas
____ 19. The voyage of Hernando de Soto covered a large area. What is the correct chronological order for the places de Soto visited on his travels? 1. Alabama 2. Florida 3. South Carolina 4. Mississippi 2,3,1,4
____ 20. What was the primary food of the Indians in Louisiana? corn
____ 21. Which group was called “stinkards” by the Natchez? commoners
____ 22. Where is the present home of the Caddo people? Oklahoma
_____ 23. According to #27 on the SG, this is a picture of ___________________. Poverty Point
____ 24. ______________is used to tell the age of objects. Radiocarbon dating
____ 25. What word describes people and/or a time period where there was no written record? prehistoric
____ 26. How did the first people get to North America? Bering Strait
____ 27. Why did they begin to build permanent homes? agriculture
____ 28. What is the name of the house made of mud and sticks? wattle and daub
____ 29. What is the correct order of the Indian Periods in order, starting with the oldest? Paleo, Meso, early Neo, late Neo
____ 30. What were the hairy, elephant-like creatures that were hunted during the Paleo age, but became extinct due to climate changes? mastodons
____ 31. Which tribe were name the “eaters of flesh” because of their belief in cannibalism? Atakapa
____ 32. Which tribe used tattoos to show your status? Natchez
____ 33. Iberville named this city because he saw a “red stick” or Istrouma in the Mississippi River? Baton Rouge
____ 384. Which tribe fought with Andrew Jackson at the Battle of New Orleans? Choctaw
____ 35. Which tribe used a crawfish as their totem symbol? Houma
____ 36. Which 2 tribes have casinos in Louisiana? Coushatta & Tunica-Biloxi
____ 37. What was the name of the forced march, under control of the US Army, which pushed the Native Americans to Oklahoma? Trail of Tears
_____ 38. How did the arrival of the Acadian refugees affect the Chitimacha tribe? Group members intermarried, and French became a common language.
____ 39. Which contributed to Baton Rouge’s name? the Istrouma that settled a border dispute between two Native American tribes
_____40. Which explains how the settlement of early hist. tribes contributed to LA? I, II, and IV Native populations decreased as a result of disease, trails were used as trade routes, and foods were incorporated into Euro diets.
_____ 41. How did the arrival of European explorers and settlers challenge Native Americans living in Louisiana? Native populations did not have immunity to European illnesses.
_____ 42. Which of the following Native American groups would have been most affected by Hernando de Soto’s exploration of Louisiana? Tunica-Biloxi
_____ 43. According to the information in the maps, in which geographic region did the Natchez tribe settle? Mississippi Floodplain
_____ 44. Which explains why the Natchez chose to settle in the location that they did? The land was extremely fertile.
_____ 45. Which is an example of how the introduction of European trade goods affected the lives of Native Americans? Guns changed the way they hunted and fought among themselves.
_____ 46. According to the timeline, which event occurred in 1731? Natchez survivors disperse, ending the tribe.
_____ 47. How is the location of the Natchez settlement near Fort Rosalie related to the 1729 White Apple Village? French officials ordered the Natchez to abandon their village to gain control of the fertile land.
48. According to Document 1, archaeologists believe dwellings were built on the ridges of the site. What evidence leads them to this assumption? Features and midden deposits uncovered during excavations.
49. According to Document 2, what did the Hunters do to advance their hunting methods? Converted spears to atlatls which added distance and power.
50. According to Document 3, in what regions did the Poverty Point people live? Poverty Point people lived in Louisiana, Mississippi, and Arkansas areas.
51. According to Document 4, which of the following best describes how Poverty Point Indians traded with other Indians? b) Using the river and land routes, Poverty Point Indians traded with other Indians as far away as Wisconsin, Tennessee, and Florida.
____ 52. Indians hunted with atlatl. Meso
____ 53. Indians crossed the land bridge from Asia. Paleo
____ 54. Indians that switched from gathering to agriculture. Late Neo
____ 55. Indians developed the bow and arrow. Early Neo
Created by: Colleen Frazier