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Chapter 5 Test-LA

QuestionAnswer
A scientists who uses artifacts from the past to try to understand prehistoric people archaeologists
An ancient garbage dump midden
Wandering from place to place nomadic
a throwing stick used by prehistoric people, made up of a shaft of wood with a small cup or groove on the end into which the base of the spear was placed atlatl
An artificial hill built by Meso people as early as 5000 B.C; believed to be used, in the earliest form, for special ceremonies, but not for burials mound
An object made by humans, especially an ancient tool or weapon artifact
Settled farming agriculture
A time before written history prehistoric
natural resistance to disease immunity
a group of native people who share a name, common ancestry, language, and way of living Tribe
a formal agreement between two or more nations. treaty
corn maize
How did the Natchez uprising negatively affect the French colonists? They lived in fear.
According to the SG map, where did de Soto begin his expedition in North America? near Tampa, Florida
According to the map, where did de Soto’s men go after his death? Texas
The voyage of Hernando de Soto covered a large area. What is the correct chronological order for the places de Soto visited on his travels? FL, SC, AL, MS
What was the primary food of the Indians in Louisiana? corn
Which group was called “stinkards” by the Natchez? commoners
Where is the present home of the Caddo people? Oklahoma
According to the SG, this is a picture of ___________________. Poverty Point
______________is used to tell the age of objects. Radiocarbon dating
What were the hairy, elephant-like creatures that were hunted during Paleo age, but became extinct due to climate changes? mastodons
How did the first people get to North America? Bering Strait
Why did they begin to build permanent homes? agriculture
What is the name of the house made of mud and sticks? wattle and daub
What is the correct order of the Indian Periods in order, starting with the oldest? Paleo, Meso, early Neo, late Neo
Which tribe were name the “eaters of flesh” because of their belief in cannibalism? Atakapa
Which tribe used tattoos to show your status? Natchez
Iberville named this city because he saw a “red stick” or Istrouma in the Mississippi River? Baton Rouge
Which tribe fought with Andrew Jackson at the Battle of New Orleans? Choctaw
Which tribe used a crawfish as their totem symbol? Houma
Which 2 tribes have casinos in Louisiana? Coushatta & Tunica-Biloxi
What was the name of the forced march, under control of the US Army, which pushed the Native Americans to Oklahoma? Trail of Tears
How did the arrival of the Acadian refugees affect the Chitimacha tribe? Group members intermarried, and French became a common language.
Which contributed to Baton Rouge’s name? the Istrouma that settled a border dispute between two Native American tribes
Which explains how the settlement of early hist. tribes contributed to LA? Native populations decreased as a result of disease, trails were used as trade routes, and foods were incorporated into Euro diets.
How did the arrival of European explorers and settlers challenge Native Americans living in Louisiana? Native populations did not have immunity to European illnesses.
Which explains why the Natchez chose to settle in the location that they did? The land was extremely fertile.
Which is an example of how the introduction of European trade goods affected the lives of Native Americans? Guns changed the way they hunted and fought among themselves.
According to the timeline, which event occurred in 1731? Natchez survivors disperse, ending the tribe.
How is the location of the Natchez settlement near Fort Rosalie related to the 1729 White Apple Village? French officials ordered the Natchez to abandon their village to gain control of the fertile land.
According to Document 1, archaeologists believe dwellings were built on the ridges of the site. What evidence leads them to this assumption? Features and midden deposits uncovered during excavations.
According to Document 2, what did the Hunters do to advance their hunting methods? Converted spears to atlatls which added distance and power.
According to Document 3, in what regions did the Poverty Point people live? Poverty Point people lived in Louisiana, Mississippi, and Arkansas areas.
According to Document 4, which of the following best describes how Poverty Point Indians traded with other Indians? Using the river and land routes, Poverty Point Indians traded with other Indians as far away as Wisconsin, Tennessee, and Florida.
Indians hunted with atlatl. Meso
Indians crossed the land bridge from Asia. Paleo
Indians that switched from gathering to agriculture. Late Neo
Indians developed the bow and arrow. Early Neo
Why was the Mississippi River so important to the development of Native American settlements? trade and travel
Created by: Colleen Frazier