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ch.2

TermDefinition
enlightenment movement that spread the idea that reason and science could improve society.
monarch a government with a hereditary, single leader.
legislature a group of people that makes laws.
precedent a ruling that is used as the basis for a judicial decision in a later, similar case.
common law a system of law based on precedent law and customs.
natural rights freedoms people possess relating to life, liberty, and property.
social contract an agreement among people in a society with a government.
colony a group of people in one place who are ruled by a parent country elsewhere.
compact an agreement, or contract, among a group of people.
proprietary colony area with owner controlled land and government.
royal colony a colonial area of land controlled directly by a king or other monarch.
religious dissenters those who followed a religious faith other than the official religion of England.
puritans religious dissenter who came to the colonies to purify, or reform, the Anglican church.
pilgrims colonial puritans who considered themselves people on a religious journey.
toleration acceptance of other groups, such as religious groups.
indentured servant workers who contracted with the American colonists for food and shelter in return for their labor.
plantation a large estate.
triangular trade pattern of trade that developed in colonial times among the Americans, Africa, and Europe.
tidewater area of low, flat plains near the seacoast of Virginia and North Carolina.
egalitarianism the philosophy or spirit of equality.
mercantilism the theory that a country should sell more goods to other countries than it buys.
boycott the refusal to purchase certain goods.
repeal to cancel a law.
delegate a representative to a meeting.
independence self reliance and freedom from outside control.
joint stock company investors provide partial ownership in a company organized for profit.
charter a written document granting land and the authority to set up colonial governments.
Created by: jamieserra