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Chapter 1 test

Historian a person who studies and writes about the people and events of the past.
Artifact weapons, tools, or other items made by humans.
Nomads person who regularly moves from place to place.
Domesticate to tame animals and plants for human use.
Specialization the development of different kinds of jobs.
Civilization complex society with cities, organized government, art, and religion, e.t.c.
Irrigation method of bringing water to a field from another place to water crops.
City-State Independent state made up of a city and the surrounding land and villages.
Artisan skilled craft-person
Cuneiform Sumerian system of writing made up of wedge-shaped markings.
Scribe record keeper.
Empire group of territories or nations under a single ruler or government
Province political district.
Caravan group of traveling merchants and animals.
Astronomers person who studies stars, planets, and other heavenly bodies.
In what culture/civilization did the stories of Gilgamesh originate and where was it located (region)? Sumer or Mesopotamia
How would you describe Mesopotamia's climate? Hot and dry
Who was Hammurabi and what is he most known for? King of Babylon that developed a legal code that covered most areas of daily life.
Where was the center of the Chaldean empire? Babylon
What is bronze made from? A mixture of copper and tin
What were the Ice Ages? Times of extreme cold when large sheets of ice covered parts of the earth.
What is another name for the Agricultural Revolution? What does it mean (translate)? Neolithic Revolution
Draw and label the social class pyramid of the Sumerians (be specific about which groups are in each class). Draw the picture: Upper class: kings, priests, and government officials Middle class: artisans, merchants, farmers, and fishers Lower class: enslaved people
What economic activity helped to spread ideas around the world? Trade
What did the Sumerians invent (3 major inventions)? Wagon wheel, sailboat, and plow
Who was the king of the Akkadians who conquered all of Mesopotamia? Sargon
Who did the Chaldean rebel against (and then set up their own empire in the region? Assyrians
What occupation did most early kings have (that got them position of king)? War heroes
What is a primary source? Give 2 examples. Firsthand pieces of evidence from people who saw or witnessed the event. Ex: diaries, journals, letters, official records
What is prehistory? Prehistory is the time before people developed writing, about 5,500 years ago.
What is cause and effect? A "cause" is what makes an event happen. The event that happens as a result of the cause is known as an effect.
Why do some historians consider the farming revolution to be the most important event in human history? (BE THOROUGH IN YOUR ANSWER). greater security being settled allowed people to build more houses farming gave people a better food supply which allowed populations to grow not everyone had to farm so this allowed people to turn their attention to developing specialized skills
Describe some of the military accomplishments of the Assyrians? (BE THOROUGH IN YOUR ANSWERS). using battering rams tunneling under walls climbing over walls with ladders 1st large army to use iron weapons
What is a civilization? (Please describe each characteristic). A complex society with cities, organized governments, art, religion, class divisions, and writing systems
Created by: 1964109916