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Summer Vocab

AP Global

QuestionAnswer
Absolutism/Absolute monarch. A form of government where the ultimate authority rests in the hands of the monarch who claimed to rule by divine right and was responsible only to God.
Armada. A fleet of warships.
Baroque. A style that dominated Western painting, sculpture, architecture, and music from 1580 to 1730, generally characterized by elaborate ornamentation and dramatic effect.
Calvinism. The doctrines and teachings of John Calvin or his followers.
Celibacy. Abstinence from sexual intercourse, especially by reason of religious vows.
Commonwealth. The English state and government from the death of Charles I in 1649 to the restoration of the monarchy in 1660.
Conscription/Conscripts. Mandatory military service.
Demographics. A statistic characterizing human populations (Or segments of human populations broken down by age, sex, income, etc.).
Despot/Despotic/Despotism. A person who wields power oppressively; a tyrant.
Divine Right Principle. The belief that monarchs receive their power directly from God and are responsible to no one except God.
Edict. A decree or proclamation issued by an authority and having the force of law.
Excommunication. The act of banishing a member of a church from the privileges of the church; cutting a person off from the religious society.
Heresy/Heresies/Heretic. Having religious ideas different from the official teachings of the church.
Huguenots. French Calvinists (French Protestants).
Humanism. An intellectual movement in Renaissance era Italy emphasizing the capabilities and accomplishments of individuals.
Indulgence. Removal of part or all of the punishment in the purgatory of one's sins.
Justification by faith. The foundation of the Protestant Reformation, the idea that humans are saved not through good works, but by the grace of God.
Laity/Layman. A person who is not a member of a given profession.
Levy. Imposing or collecting tax by authority or force.
Limited (Constitutional) monarchy. A system of government in which the power of the monarch is limited by a representative assembly.
Monasticism. The monastic life or system, especially as practiced in a monastery.
Papacy/Papal. Pertaining to the pope.
Patrons. A wealthy or influential supporter of an artist or writer.
Piety/Pious. Religious devotion.
Predestination. The belief that God has determined those who will be saved and those who will be damned.
Protestant Reformation. The Western European religious reform movement in the 16th century that divided Christianity into Catholic and Protestant groups.
Purgatory. In the Roman Catholic Church theology, the place where those have died endure a temporary condition of torment or suffering to atone for their sins.
Recant. To withdraw or retract a statement.
Relics. In the Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox churches, the body, a part of the body, or some personal memorial of a saint, martyr, or other sacred person, preserved as worthy of veneration.
Renaissance. The rebirth of classical culture that occurred in Italy between 1350 and 1550.
Renaissance man. A person who has wide interests and is an expert in several areas.
Revenue. The income of a government from taxation or other sources, appropriated to the payment of public expenses.
Sacraments. Rites considered necessary for a Christian's salvations, such as baptism, marriage, confirmation, last rites, etc.
Salvation. Deliverance from the power and penalty of sin, redemption.
Secular. Pertaining to worldly things or to things that are not regarded as religious.
Tithe. 1/10 of a person's income that he/she gives to the Roman Catholic Church.
Theology. The study of religion and religious truth.
Theses/Thesis. A proposition that is maintained by argument.
Vernacular. The common language of the people.
Period One. 8000 BCE-600 BCE.
Period Two. 600 BCE-600 CE.
Period Three. 600 CE-1450 CE.
Period Four. 1450 CE-1750 CE.
Period Five. 1750 CE-1900 CE.
Period Six. 1900 CE- Present.
Created by: emarciante10
 

 



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