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US Unit 1 PreConst

Unit 1 Pre Constitution

TermDefinition
Constitution Document that sets out the laws, principles, organization, and processes of a government
Execute Carry out
Cede To give up
Currency Money
Depression Period when business activity slows, prices and wages fall, and unemployment rises.
Compromise Settlement in which each side gives up some of its demands in order to reach an agreement
Republic System of government in which citizens choose representatives to govern them
Dictatorship Government in which one person or a small group hold complete authority
Founding Fathers Leaders who laid the groundwork for the United States
Habeas Corpus The right not to be held in prison without first being charged with a specific crime
Separation of Powers Principle by which the powers of government are divided among separate branches
Amend To change
bill of rights Written list of freedoms the government promises to protect
English Bill of Rights A 1689 document that guaranteed the rights of English citizens.
Democracy Ensuring that all people have the same rights
Legislative Branch Branch of government that passes the laws
Executive Branch Branch of government that carries out laws
Judicial Branch Branch of government that decides if laws are carried out fairly
Magna Carta A British document with two basic ideas; monarchs themselves have to obey the laws, and citizens have basic rights
Created by: portwoode