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Chapter 1 History

nomadic constantly on the move
mounds Native American tombs made of earth and filled with weapons, pottery, and jewelry
adobe dried clay and straw mixture used to build rooms like an apartment
totem poles craved from large trees, and depicted local legends and important events
animism the belief that spirits live in objects in nature and in natural events
vikings first to visit North America
Leif Ericson son of Eric the Red, found new land in the west and called it Vinland
Christopher Columbus thought he could find the East Indies, but discovered America
Amerigo Vespucci offered proof that the lands were not Orient but instead a "new world" and had the new land named after him
conquistadors another name for conquerors
Juan Ponce de Leon first Spaniard to explore Florida
Hernando de Soto discovered the Mississippi River
St. Augustine oldest city in United States
Francisco Vasquez de Coronado discovered the adobe villages of the Pueblo Indians and the first European to see the Grand Canyon
John Cabot laid claim to the Atlantic coast of North America for England
Sea Dogs a group of daring English sea captains who struck at the heart of Spanish power
Sir Francis Drake favorite of Queen Elizabeth I, most famous of the Sea Dogs, and he sailed down coast of South America, plundering Spanish ports and capturing treasure ships
Queen Elizabeth I queen in 1577