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ch.1

TermDefinition
Civics The study of the rights and duties of citizens.
Citizenship Rights and duties of members of a state.
Citizen Community member who owes loyalty to the government and is entitled to protection from it.
Service Economy Where the majority of people earn their living by providing a service rather than manufacturing a product.
Value The general principles or beliefs people use to make judgments and decisions.
Popular Sovereignity The notion that power lies with the people.
Institution Sets of ideas that people have about relationships, obligations, roles, and functions of society.
natrualization a legal process to obtain citizenship
alien a noncitizen
immigrant a person who moves permanently to a new country.
deport to send a alien or immigrant back to his/her own country.
government the governing body of a nation, state, or community.
public policy the principles, often unwritten, on which social laws are based.
budget an estimate of income and expenditure for a set period of time.
democracy a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives.
direct democracy is a form of democracy in which people decide policy initiatives directly.
representative democracy is a type of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people, as opposed to direct democracy.
republic a state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president rather than a monarch.
monarchy a form of government with a monarch at the head.
majority rule the principle that the greater number should exercise greater power.
authoritarian favoring or enforcing strict obedience to authority, especially that of the government, at the expense of personal freedom.
totalitarian relating to a system of government that is centralized and dictatorial and requires complete subservience to the state.
Created by: jamieserra