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Ch 4 US History

Mastering the TEKS since 1877

TermDefinition
Jonathan Trumbull colonial governor who sided with the revolutionaries, supplying Washington's armies with food & weapons
John P. Muhlenberg protestant minister who joined colonists & led the "Black Regiment" of minister soldiers
unalienable rights of the Declaration of Independence life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness
John Hancock largest signature of the Declaration
Benjamin Rush father of American medicine who favored educating women and financed oldest African American chuch
Charles C. Carrollton wealthy Catholic who helped finance the Revolution to gain acceptance of Catholic rights
John Witherspoon served in the Continental Congress in favor of Independence, and was president of Princeton Univ.
Articles of Confederation first US government that was too weak to settle disputes between the States and had only 1 branch of congress
US Constitution replaced the Articles of Confederation and established a strong 3-branch government
limited government the idea that powers of the federal govt. are limited to those enumerated (listed) in the Constitution
popular sovereignty the idea that power comes from the consent of the people
checks and balances the Constitution provides each branch of govt. a way to check the power of the other 2 branches
amendments additions to the constitution-27 so far
separation of powers the power of the federal govt. is divided among the executive, legislative, and judicial branches
federalism the powers of the govt. are divided between the national and state governments
republicanism the form of govt. in which people elect representatives to vote for them
John Jay one of the 3 authors of the Federalist Papers which argued for states to ratify (approve) the new Constitution
Bill of Rights the first 10 amendments to the Constitution which protect individual liberties
1st Amendment freedom of: religion, speech, assembly, press, petition
2nd Amendment right to bear arms for a militia
3rd Amendment prohibits the quartering of troops (placing them in private homes without permission)
4th Amendment protects against unreasonable searches and seizures of property, requiring a search warrant
5th Amendment provides due process of the law: protection against double-jeopardy & self-incrimination; provide compensation against eminent domain
eminent domain the power of govt. to take over private property for public use by providing compensation to the owner
6th Amendment provides right to a trial by a jury of peers in criminal cases
7th Amendment right to trial by jury in civil cases
8th Amendment the court's cannot bail too high for those accused of crime
9th Amendment citizens also have rights
10th Amendment the federal govt. only has powers listed in the Constitution
Alexis de Tocqueville frenchman who studies the values that made America unique
egalitarianism a society of equals; in America there are no social titles
populism participation of common people in the politics of the USA
laissez faire the "hands off" approach of govt. to leave business alone
13th Amendment ended slavery
14th Amendment guarantees "due process" and "equal protection" for all americans, even former slaves
15th Amendment gives African males (all males) the right to vote
E. Pluribus Unum Latin for "out of many, one", the idea of a melting pot society
In God We Trust printed on all money to promote patriotism as our national motto
Created by: wm0397