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U.S. Ch 7

Becoming a World Power 1872-1917

TermDefinition
1. imperialism the actions used by one nation to exercise political or economic control over a smaller or weaker nation
2. protectorate a country that is technically independent but is actually under the control of another country
EXPANSION the act or process of increasing or enlarging the extent, number, volume, or scope
4. CONFERENCE a meeting of two or more persons for discussing matters of common concern
5. Anglo-Saxonism the idea that English-speaking nations had superior character, ideas and systems of government. popular in Britain and the United States; linked with Manifest Destiny
6. Matthew C. Perry Commodore ordered by President Millard Fillmore to force Japan to trade with the United States
7. Queen Liliuokalani Queen of Hawaii starting in 1891 who disliked the influence that American settlers gained in Hawaii
8. Pan-Americanism the idea that Latin America and the United States should work together for mutual economic gain
9. yellow journalism type of sensational, biased, and often false reporting for the sake of attracting readers
10. autonomy the quality or state of being self-governing
11. jingoism extreme nationalism marked by aggressive foreign policy
INTERVENE to get involved in the affairs of another
VOLUNTEER one who offers service willingly
12. Jose Marti was a Cuban national hero and important figure in Latin American literature; Through his writings and political activity, he became a symbol for Cuba's bid for independence against Spain in the 19th century,and is referred to as the "Apostle of Cuban Independence."
13. William Randolph Hearst an American businessman, politician, and newspaper publisher who built the nation's largest newspaper chain and media company; methods of yellow journalism influenced the nation's popular media by emphasizing sensationalism and human interest stories; owner of New York Journal
14. Joseph Pulitzer was a Jewish-American newspaper publisher of the New York World. introduced the techniques of yellow journalism to the newspapers he acquired in the 1880s.; crusaded against big business and corruption In the 1890s the fierce competition between his World and, New York Journal caused both to use yellow journalism for wider appeal; it opened the way to mass-circulation newspapers that depended on advertising revenue and appealed to readers with multiple forms of news, entertainment and advertising.
15. Emilio Aguinaldo 1869-1964, Filipino leader during the Spanish-American War: opposed to U.S. occupation.
16. Platt Amendment 1901; Replaced the Teller Amendment; stipulated the conditions for the withdrawal of U.S. troops in Cuba at the end of Spanish-American War and defined terms of Cuban-U.S. relations. Permitt ed U.S. intervention in Cuban international and domestic affairs for the enforcement of Cuban independence, and U.S. could lease or buy lands to establish naval bases (main one was Guantánamo Bay) and coaling stations in Cuba.
17. Foraker Act 1900; U.S. federal law that established civilian government and new government structure to replace military government in Puerto Rico, which had become U.S. possession as result of Spanish-American War.
18. sphere of influence section of a country where one foreign nation enjoys special rights and powers
19. Open Door Policy a policy that allowed each foreign nation in China to trade freely in the other nations’ spheres of influence
20. dollar diplomacy a policy of joining the business interests of a country with its diplomatic interests abroad; particularly during President William Howard Taft's term— was a form of American foreign policy to further its aims in Latin America and East Asia through use of its economic power by guaranteeing loans made to foreign countries.
21. guerrilla member of an armed band that carries out surprise attacks and sabotage rather than open warfare
ACCESS freedom or ability to obtain or make use of
TENSION act of stretching; stiffness; mental strain
22. Boxer Rebellion n anti-imperialist uprising of peasants in northern China between Autumn 1899 - 7 September 1901 that was aimed at ousting foreign interlopers with their foreign religions and strange cultures from China. An Eight-Nation Alliance of the United States, Great Britain, Germany, Austria-Hungary, France, Japan, Russia, and Italy was formed in 1900 to organize an intervention in China. The result of the Boxer Rebellion was a victory for the alliance.
23. Hay-Pauncefote Treaty signed by the United States and the United Kingdom on 18 November 1901, as a preliminary to the creation of the Panama Canal.
24. Roosevelt Corollary a corollary (1904) to the Monroe Doctrine, asserting that the U.S. might intervene in the affairs of an American republic threatened with seizure or intervention by a European country
25. Victoriano Huerta a Mexican general and political leader who, in 1913, overthrew the first government to emerge from the Mexican Revolution and became the executive of a counterrevolutionary regime.
26. Pancho Villa Mexican revolutionary who killed many Americans in Mexico. The United States sent John J Pershing to capture him but never did.