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US History APUSH

APUSH Period 2 vocabulary

TermDefinition
Queen Elizabeth Queen of England/Ireland from Nov. 17, 158, until her death in March, 1603
Joint- Stock Company A company whose stock is owned jointly by the shareholders
Jamestown First permanent English settlement in North America, founded in 1607
Virginia Company Joint- stock company that was approved by King James I to create new settlements in the colony of Virginia
John Smith Admiral of New England, was an English soldier, explorer, and author
Pocahontas Daughter of Powhatan; saved John Smith from his captors; her marriage to John Rolfe sealed peace agreement of Anglo- Powhatan War
Tobacco A preparation of the nicotine- rich leaves of an American plant, which are cured by a process of drying/fermentation for smoking/chewing for a number of years to pay their passage
Indentured Servant Penniless persons who bound themselves to work for a number of years to pay for their passage
Headright System Parcels of land consisting of about 50 acres which were given to colonists who brought indentured servants into America
Act of Toleration Statute that permitted all forms of Christianity exercised however one pleased
Protestant Reformation Started in England when King Henry VIII broke with Roman Catholic Church and created the Church of England
Pilgrims Person who journeys to a place for either religious/ adventurous reasons
Puritans Member of English Protestants who regarded the Reformation of the Church of England under Elizabeth as incomplete
MA Bay Colony English settlement on East Coast of North America, founded by John Winthrop
Mayflower Compact First agreement to be self governed in a part of the New World
John Winthrop English Puritan layer who helped to found the MA Bay Colony
Protestant Ethic The view that a person's duty is to achieve success through hard work/thrift
Roger Williams 1638 founder of the First Baptist Church in America
Squanto/Massasoit Leader of Wamponoag returning Squanto to his home
New England Northeastern region of US compromising of Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island
Dominion of New England Administrative union of English colonies coveringNew Englad and the Mid-Atlantic Colonies
Sir Edmond Andros English colonial administrator in North America; was governor of Dominion of New England
Salutary Neglect Policy of avoiding strict enforcement of parliamentary laws meant to keep American colonies obedient to England
Middle Colonies Consisted of four colonies with British America, intermediate between New England/Southern Colonies within those 13 colonies
Chesapeake Native American tribe also known as the Chesepian
Bacon's Rebellion Armed rebellion in 1676 by Virginians against rile of Governor William Berkeley
Chattel An item of property other than real estate
Plantations Estate on which crops are cultivated by resident labor
Salem Witch Trials A series of hearings/prosecutions of people accused of witchcraft in colonial Massachusetts
Harvard College Est. 1636 by vote of MA Bay Colony
Stono Rebellion A slave rebellion and use the largest slave uprising in British mainland colonies
Created by: claire0