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Schwartz AP Gov 1

Constitution

TermDefinition
John Locke philosopher who argued for natural law,the theory that people were born free and equal
Declaration of Independence document that justified the United States' break from Britain and proclaimed their independence to the world
Articles of Confederation series of statements that defined the initial national government and redefined the former colonies as states
Virginia Plan plan presented by Virginia delegates at the Constitutional Convention calling for a bicameral legislatures where both Houses size would be determined by population
New Jersey Plan plan presented by New Jersey delegates calling for a unicameral legislature where each state would be equally represented
Great Compromise created a 2 house Congress where one house would be based on population and one would have equal representation
House of Representatives house of Congress whose representation for each state is based on population
Senate house of Congress with equal representation for each state
Three-Fifths Compromise the plan to count every slave as 3/5 of a person when determining population for each state
Preamble mission statement for the Constitution
checks and balances system of overlapping the powers of the legislative, executive and judicial branches to permit each branch to "check" the actions of the others
Electoral College group of people chosen in each state and Washington DC to make a formal selection of a President
commerce clause empowers Congress to regulate trade with other nations and among the states
elastic clause Congress shall have the power to make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution
supremacy clause states that the Constitution, federal law and treaties of the United States is the "supreme law of the land"
Federalists people who supported the ratification of the Constitution
Anti-Federalists people who opposed the ratification of the Constitution
Federalist Papers a series of essays that explained the Constitutional Framers' intentions. Written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison and John Jay
Bill of Rights the first 10 amendments to the Constitution
pocket veto when the President does not sign a bill before Congress adjourn and it is automatically vetoed
judicial review the power of a court to determine the constitutionality of a government action
Marbury v Madison the court case that gave the Supreme Court the power of judicial review
reserved powers the powers that the Constitution does not grant to the national government and does not deny to the states
participatory democracy depends on direct participation of many, if not most, people in a society to vote directly for laws instead of voting for people to represent their interests
pluralist democracy belief that the ideas and viewpoints in the US are so scattered and so varied that no single view can control the shaping of public policy
elite democracy belief that the spread of power is unequal because the people with resources and influence dominate
Created by: schwarms1