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TKD theory (TAGB)

TAGB theory

01 (one) Hanna
02 (two) Dool
03 (three) Seth
04 (four) Neth
05 (five) Dasaul
06 (six) Yosaul
07 (seven) Ilgop
08 (eight) Yodoll
09 (nine) Ahop
10 (ten) Yoll
About turn Dwiyro Torro
Attention Charyot
Attention Stance Charyot Sogi
Backwards Dwiyro Kaggi
Belt Ti
Bow Kyong Ye
Dismiss Haessan
Foot-Fist-Art Tae Kwon Do
Forearm Palmok
Forefist Ap Joomuk
Four Directional Punch Sajo Jirugi
Forwards Apro Kaggi
Front Rising Kick Ap Chaolligi
High Section Nopunde
Inner An
Inner Forearm An Palmok
Inner forearm block An palmok makgi
Instructor Sabum
Low Section Najunde
Middle Section Kaunde
Obverse punch Baro jirugi
Outer Bakat
Outer Forearm Bakat Palmok
Outer forearm block Bakat palmok makgi
Parallel stance Narani sogi
Press ups Momtong Bachia
Ready Chunbi
Return to ready stance Barrol
Reverse punch Bandae jirugi
Side rising kick Yop chaolligi
Sitting Stance Annun Sogi
Start Si-jak
Stop Goman
Student Jeja
Training Hall Dojang
Training Suit Dobok
Walking Stance Gunnun Sogi
White Belt Innocence, that of the beginner who has no previous knowldege of tae kwon do
Ball of foot Ap Kumchi
Double punch Doo jirugi
Footsword Balkal
Forearm Guarding block Palmok Daebi makgi
Front snap kick Ap Chabusigi
Head Mori
Kick Chagi
Knifehand strike Sonkal taerigi
L Stance Niunja Sogi
Left Wen
Pattern Tul
Right Orun
Rising Block Chookyo makgi
Chon-ji- moves 19
Chon-ji- meaning Literally heaven & earth. In the orient interpreted as the creation of the world or beginning of human history. It is therefore the first pattern played by the beginner. The pattern consists of two similar parts- one represents heaven, the other earth
Yellow signifies earth, from which a plant sprouts and takes root as the tae kwon do foundation is being laid.
Backfist Dung joomuk
Backfist strike Dung joomuk taerigi
Front backfist strike Ap dung joomuk taerigi
Inward Anaero
Inward outer forearm block anaero bakat palmok makgi
Knifehand Sonkal
Knifehand Guarding Block Sonkal Daebi Makgi
Outward Bakaero
Palm Sonbadak
Three step sparring Sambo matsoki
Turning kick Dollyo chagi
Twin Forearm Block Sang Palmok Makgi
Dan Gun- moves 21
Dan Gun- meaning Dan Gun is named after the holy Dan Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year 2333BC
Green signifies the plant's growth as the tae kwon do skills begin to develop
Straight Sun
Thrust Tulgi
Finger Songarak
Fingertips Sonkut
Fixed Stance Gojong sogi
Wedging Block Hechyo makgi
Release Move Jappyosol Tae
Straight Spear Fingertip Thrust Sun Sonkut Tulgi
Backfist side strike Dung Joomuk Yop Taerigi
Side piercing kick Yop Cha Jurigi
Do San- moves 24
Do San- meaning Do San is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Ch'ang Ho (1876-1938). The 24 movements represent his entire life which he devoted to furthering the education of Korea and its independence movement.
Arc Hand Bandal Son
Reverse Knifehand Sonkal Dung
Side sole Yop Bal Badak
Instep Baldung
Side Instep Yop Baldung
Reverse Footsword Balkal Dung
Inaugurated 11 April 1955
Founder Major General Choi Hong Hi (1918-2002)
TKD introduced to UK 2nd July 1967 by Rhee Ki Ha
TAGB formed 21st August 1983
TAGB member of TKD International
TKD International inaugurated in England 13 Nov 1993
British TKD Council (TKD) governing body, formed 21 April 1988
Tenets Courtesy, Integrity, Perseverance, Self Control and Indomitable Spirit
Why are there 24 patterns "The founder MG CHH compared the life of a man with a day in the life of the earth.
'The 24 patterns represent twenty four hours, one day or all of my life.'"
Back Dwit
Foot parts Habansin
Hand parts Sangbansin
Back Sole Dwit Kumchi
Back Heel Dwit Chook
Vertical stance Soojik sogi
Closed stance Moa Sogi
Bending stance Goburyo Sogi
Circular block Dollimyo makgi
Hooking block Golcho makgi - unusual in that it requires less effort since it deflects rather than strikes (mainly palm but also knifehand, forearm, backhand etc)
Waist block Hori makgi
Palm pushing block Sonbadak miro makgi
Vertical punch Sewo jirugi
Side punch Yop jirugi
Reverse turning kick Bandae dollyo chagi
Reverse side kick Bandae yop chagi
Knee Kick Moorup Chagi
Reverse knifehand strike Sonkal Dung Taerigi
Won Hyo- moves 28
Won Hyo- meaning Won Hyo was the noted monk who introduced buddhism to the Silla dynasty in the year 686AD
Semi free sparring Ban jayoo matsoki
Blue Signifies heaven towards which the plant matures into a towering tree as training in Tae Kwon Do progresses
Jumping Twigi
Elbow Palkup
Knee Moorup
X Stance Kyocha Sogi
Double forearm block Doo Palmok Makgi
Hooking block Golcho makgi
X fist pressing block Kyocha nollo makgi
Upward palm block Ollyo Sonbadak Makgi
Twin Knifehand Block Sang Sonkal Makgi
(Mid Section) Upset Punch Dwijibo jirugi
Hooking Kick Golcho chagi
Flat fingertip thrust Opun Sonkut Tulgi
Crescent kick Bandal Chagi (technically a block using side of the foot & used against elbow joint or achilles tendon, vertical kick = strike with either footsword)
Twin vertical punch Sang Sewo Jirugi
Two step sparring Ibo Matsoki
Free sparring Jayoo Matsoki
Yul Gok Moves 38
Yul Gok Meaning Yul Gok was the pseudonym of the great sixteenth century philosopher and scholar Yi I (AD1536-1584) nicknamed the "Confucius of Korea". The patterns 38 moves refer to his birthplace on the 38th degree latitude and the diagram represents "scholar"
Mid section upset Dwijibo
Low section upset Dwijibun
Side Fist Yop Joomuk
Rear Foot Stance Dwit Bal Sogi
Low Stance Nachuo Sogi
X Block Kyocha Makgi
Pressing Block Noollo Makgi - low section: palm (always with upward palm too, exercise for muscles and breath also block twin attack?!), forefist, x-fist (more practical)
Downward Block Naeryo makgi - mid-section: downward push motion (palm, forearm/rib, knifehand/solar plexus, double palm, elbow, x-fist etc). Like guard in sunsonkut makgi. Keep arm bent to protect vital spots.
U Shaped Block Digutja Makgi
Turning Punch Dollyo Jirugi
Twin Upset Punch Sang Dwijibo Jirugi
Upper Elbow Strike Wi Palkup Taerigi
Back Kick Dwit Chagi
Pressing Kick Noollo chagi- outer like side kick to knee (or lower leg) inner like waving kick - both push against leg to break. Strike below own knee height.
Side Thrust Kick Yop Cha Tulgi
Twin Straight Forearm Block Sang Sun Palmok Makgi
Reverse Turning Hooking Kick Bandae Dollyo Golcho Chagi
Joong Gun Moves 32
Joong Gun Meaning Joong Gun named after patriot An Jung Gun who assassinated Hiro Bumi Ito the first Japanese governor-general of Korea, . Known for playing a leading role in Japan-Korea merger. 32 moves represent his age when he was executed in Lui Shung prison in 1910
Red Red signifies danger, cautioning the student to exercise control and warning the opponent to stay away
Stick Block Mongdungi Makgi
Hand Son
Back of hand Son Dung
Toes Balkut
Flying Twimyo
Upset fingertips Dwijibun Sonkut
W shaped block San Makgi
Waving Kick Doro Chagi
Front Pushing Kick Ap Cha Milgi
Toi Gye- moves 37
Toi Gye- meaning Toi Gye is the pen-name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang, a noted authority on neo-confucianism. The patterns 37 moves represent his birthplace on the 37th degree latitude and the diagram represents the scholar.
One Step Sparring Ilbo matsoki
Reverse knifehand guarding block Sonkal dung daebi makgi - like low knifehand guarding (Toi Gye) but with front hand reversed
Consecutive kick Yonsok chagi
Downward kick Naeryo chagi
Forging post Dollyon joo
Front elbow strike Ap palkup taerigi
Inward knifehand strike Anearo sonkal taerigi
Scooping block Duro makgi - hold up attacking foot to put opponent in untenable position (palm or reverse knifehand upwards). Standing position (not sitting/walking). Block, throw, counter attack (punch/kick)
Side elbow strike Yop palkup taerigi
Side fist side strike Yop joomuk yop taerigi
Downward Naeryo
Flying kick Twimyo chagi
Pressing Noolo
Flying high kick Twimyo nopi chagi
Inside An
Outside Bakat
Pushing Block Miro Makgi - to put opponent off balance (usually palm but can be double forearm or (reverse) knifehand). Against shoulder or bottom (not arm as will not affect balance). Reverse technique if walking stance.
Sweeping block Hullyo makgi (??)
Twin foot kick Sang bal chagi
Twisting kick Bituro chagi
Upward Punch Ollyo Jirugi - uppercut, close range
Vertical kick Sewo chagi - similar mvmt to bandal chagi but strike with footsword
Hwa Rang- meaning Named after the Hwa-Rang youth group, meaning flowering youth and originated in Silla Dynasty 600AD. This group was the driving force for the unification of 3 Kingdoms of Korea. 29 moves refer to 29th Infantry Division, where TKD developed into maturity
Hwa Rang- moves 29
Black belt meaning Black is opposite to white, therefore signifying the maturity and proficiency in Tae Kwon-do. Also indicates the wearer's imperviousness to darkness and fear
Downward punch Naeryo kirugi
Created by: Ofked
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