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Chapter 3

The Colonies Come of Age

TermDefinition
Mercantilism An economic system in which nations seek to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by establishing a favorable balance of trade.
Parliament The legislative body of England.
Navigation Acts A series of laws enacted by Parliament, beginning in 1651, to tighten England's control of trade in its American colonies.
Glorious Revolution The transfer of the British Monarchy from James II to William and Mary in 1688-1689.
Salutary Neglect An English policy of relaxing the enforcement of regulations in its colonies in return for the colonies' continued economic loyalty.
Cash Crop A crop grown by a framer for sale rather than for personal use.
Slave A person who becomes the property of others.
Triangular Trade The triangular system of trade in which goods and people, including slaves, were exchanged between Africa, England, Europe, the West Indies, and the colonies in North America.
Middle Passage The voyage that brought enslaved Africans to the West Indies and later to North America.
Stono Rebellion A 1739 uprising of slaves in South Carolina, leading to the tightening of already harsh slave laws.
Enlightenment An 18th-century intellectual movement that emphasized the use of reason and the scientific method as means of obtaining knowledge.
Jonathan Edwards Leading figure of the Great Awakening in the American colonies.
Great Awakening A revival of religious feelings tin the American colonies during the 1730s and 1750s.
George Washington Leader of colonial militia in the French and Indian War. His success would grow his reputation within the colonies.
French and Indian War A conflict in North America, lasting from 1754 to 1763, that was a part of a worldwide struggle between France and Britain and that ended with the defeat of France and the transfer of French Canada to Britain.
Proclamation of 1763 An order in which Britain prohibited its American colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains.
Sugar Act A trade law enacted by Parliament in 1764 in an attempt to reduce smuggling in the British colonies in North America.
Created by: tj03tayl