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American Indians

Use this StudyStack to prepare for the Native Americans Indian Exam: 4th Grade

The Arctic tribes lived in this part of North America. The far north, including Alaska
The Arctic Indians lived in these two types of home: one in the winter, one in the summer. winter: igloo; summer: tent
Due to low temperatures, the Arctic Indians didn't farm. Instead they hunted animals like _____, _____, and _____. foxes, caribou, polar bears
The Arctic Indians also hunted water animals like seals, walruses, and whales, sometimes using this sort of boat. kayak
The Arctic Indians used seal oil for lighting and heat, seal skins for tents, and seal bones to make _____ and _____. tools, weapons
The Northwest tribes lived in the Pacific _____ and in Western _____. Northwest, Canada
The Northwest tribes' home area had plenty of _____ and _____, so fish and animals were plentiful. forests, rivers
Some Northwest tribes' houses were long and shaped like _____. Several families lived in each of these cedar (wooden) houses. rectangles
Farming wasn't needed for the Northwest tribes. They hunted in the forests, fished for _____, hunted whales, and gathered nuts and berries. salmon
Dead whales were sometimes harvested for food and for their _____, which was used for heat and light. fat (blubber)
The Southwest tribes were from the Southwest of the United States, especially from what is today the states of _____ and _____. Arizona, New Mexico
The Southwest tribes were sometimes known by this name; a name which describes their homes. Pueblo
Hopi homes were made of _____, ______, and _____ and were sometimes built on top of each other, like apartment buildings. clay/dirt, rocks, straw
The Southwest climate was extremely _____, with summers being very hot and winters very cold. dry
The Southwest tribes grew crops that didn't require lots of water, like _____, _____, and _____, as well as _____ which they used for clothes and blankets. corn, beans, squash; cotton
The Great Plains tribes were originally from the Great Plains, including states like _____ and _____. Kansas, Nebraska
For food, Pawnee men tended to _____, while Pawnee women tended to ______. hunt buffalo, farm
For homes, the Great Plains Indians lived in round l_____, often built near _____. lodges, rivers
When they traveled, the Pawnee used tents called _____. tipis (teepees)
Pawnee men wore _____ and leather _____. All Pawnee used leather shoes called _____. breechclothes, leggings; moccasins
The Southeast tribe "Seminole" lived in the modern state of _____. Florida
Southeast tribal women tended to _____, while the men tended to _____. Both helped provide for the tribe's needs. farm, hunt
This is the name used for Seminole houses. chickees
Seminole houses were made of _____ and plaster, with thatched roofs made from the _____ plant and seldom had walls. wood, palmetto
The Seminole made flat _____ _____ for traveling and hunting on swamps and rivers. dugout canoes
Like other tribes, Southeastern women often raised these three crops, as well as pumpkins. squash, corn, and beans
Name at least three animals Southeastern men might have hunted. Deer, turkeys, rabbits, turtles, and alligators (for the Seminole in Florida)
Combat may have involved this weapon: the _____. spears, tomahawk
Indians who moved frequently, like the Arctic and Great Plains tribes, were called _____. nomads
Shiny beads and shells were called _____ and were sometimes used like money by Eastern tribes. wampum
An Indian term for corn is _____. maize
These two tribal areas had many trees. Northwest Coast, Eastern Woodland
The Great Plains Indians depended greatly on this animal, the _____; Eastern Woodland Indians depended on the _____, but not quite as much. buffalo, deer
Eastern Woodland Indians often lived in these homes where many families could keep warm at once: _____. longhouses
Since Northwest Coast Indians never developed written languages, they communicated their history by building these. totem poles
Created by: briansegool