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Texes Social Studies

Revolutionary War and beyond

American Revolution and afterEvents/People/Documents
The Tyrant King George III
Common Sense Thomas Paine, wrote a pamphlet to convince the colonists to support independence
The Declaration of Independence The Second continental congress met in Philadelphia where Thomas Jefferson wrote most of the DOI. It was approved July 4 1776
Articles of Confederation First Constitution, it was very weak but got the country through the Revolutionary war
Aid from France Was secured by Benjamin Franklin and John Adams. The French were happy to help. The main French Advisor was the Marquis de Lafayette
Battle of Saratoga First true American victory.
The Battle of Yorktown 1781, General Cornwallis surrendered to General George Washington
The Treaty of Paris 1783 officially ended the Revolutionary war
Articles of Confederation-revisit The weakest points of the A of C *Federal Govt could not tax *Federal Govt lacked an executive branch *Federal Govt could not regulate trade *Nine states had to approve any law
Constitution 1787, 12 state representatives met to improve the A of C. James Madison had already had an outline for a new constitution.
Constitution controversies Two main controversies. Small states wanted the same number of representatives fearing large states would outvote them (New Jersey plan). Large states wanted representation based on population(Virginia Plan)
The Great Compromise Two houses of legislative govt H of R based on population Senate two senators per state Any law passed would have to approved by both the House and the Senate
3/5 compromise how slaves would be counted determining representation
Anti-federalists thought the constitution gave the federal govt too much power and no individual or state rights- Thomas Jefferson
Federalists supported the constitution- John Jay, James Madison and Alexander Hamilton wrote the Federalist papers with argued in favor of the constitution
Bill of Rights Protection of Individual rights
Constitution Ratification Went in to affect 1788, the bill of rights was added in 1789
First President George Washington- elected and first capitol was in New York City
Second President John Adams- was the first vice president- Our Constitution was made only for a moral and religious people. It is wholly inadequate to the government of any other
Third President Thomas Jefferson- Louisiana Purchase from France for $15 million- Sent Lewis and Clark to explore the new areas.
Fourth President James Madison-If men were angels, no government would be necessary(wife Dolly Madison)
Fifth President James Monroe- *Monroe Doctrine-US would not allow European Interference in Latin America *Seized Florida from Spain *Missouri compromise
Sixth President John Quincy Adams= If your actions inspire others to dream more, learn more, do more and become more, you are a leader.
Seventh President Andrew Jackson- One man with courage makes a majority * Nullification crisis- South Carolina threatened to succeed over the issue of whether a state had the right to nullify a federal Law. Henry Clay negotiated a compromise to avoid succession.
Preamble 1 "We hold these Truths to be self-evident, that all Men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness
Preamble 2 That to secure these Rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just Powers from the Consent of the Governed."
Abigail Adams-remember the women one of her letters to her husband to, "remember the ladies . If particular care and attention is not paid to the Ladies we are determined to foment a Rebellion, and will not hold ourselves bound by any Laws in which we have no voice, or Representation."
Wentworth Cheswell He was of mixed race, one-quarter African and three-quarters European, and listed in the census as white. In April 1776, along with 162 other Newmarket men, Cheswill signed the Association Test.
Samuel Adams Samuel Adams emerged as an important public figure in Boston soon after the French and Indian War (1754–1763). The British Parliament and looking for new sources of revenue, and they tax the colonies "No taxation without representation"
Mercy Otis Warren was a political writer and propagandist of the American Revolution. three-volume History of the Rise, Progress, and Termination of the American Revolution, the first history of the American Revolution
James Armistead, African American slave who served the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War under the Marquis de Lafayette, British officers would speak openly about their strategies in front of him
Benjamin Franklin Franklin earned the title of "The First American" for his early and indefatigable campaigning for colonial unity, initially as an author and spokesman in London for several colonies
Bernardo de Gálvez-viscount spain Gálvez aided the American Thirteen Colonies in their quest for independence and led Spanish forces against Britain in the Revolutionary War, defeating the British at the Siege of Pensacola (1781) and reconquering Florida for Spain.
Crispus Attucks was the first person killed in the Boston massacre, in Boston, Massachusetts,[2] and is widely considered to be the first American casualty in the American Revolutionary War.
Haym Salomon-Make it rain was a Polish-born American Jewish businessman and political financial broker fundraiser for the American Revolution. Washington gave him a simple order: "Send for Haym Salomon". Salomon raised $20,000, through the sale of bills of exchange.
Patrick Henry American attorney, planter and politician who became known as an orator during the movement for independence in Virginia.opposition to the Stamp Act 1765 and is remembered for his "Give me liberty, or give me death!
Created by: Rockymento
 

 



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