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SS Final 2017

Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna (Santa Anna) led the Mexican Army during the War for Texas Independence
Gold Rush - California began in 1849 with gold being found near Sutter’s Mill
Civil War Advantage The North had an advantage over the South b/c of its bigger army and factories
Battle of Gettysburg -the bloodiest battle of the Civil War -had the most casualties -lasted 3 days
Civil War Generals Grant led the Union (North) Robert E. Lee led the Confederacy (South)
15th Amendment right to vote could not be based on race, color, or previous condition of servitude
Lincoln’s Assassination -the 1st president to be assassinated -was assassinated at Ford’s Theatre -Andrew Johnson & William Seward were supposed to be assassinated too
John Wilkes Booth Assassinated President Lincoln
Radical Reconstruction -made terms more strict for Southern states to rejoin the Union -Republicans in congress insisted on making drastic changes after the Civil War
Johnson’s Reconstruction Plan -Radical Republicans disagreed with this plan -Southerner’s used threats and violence to resist changing their way of life
Mountain Men made their living as fur trappers
Fugitive Slave Act -led to more anger in the North -said that a person could be fined or imprisoned for helping fugitive slaves
Election of 1860 -Lincoln received the most electoral votes from the North -Democratic party was divided -caused 11 Southern states to secede from the Union
Gettysburg Address showed that Lincoln’s belief that this nation was founded on equality
Louisiana Territory/Purchase -was purchased from France by Thomas Jefferson -doubled the size of the US
Manifest Destiny God meant for land to be owned by US
Fort Sumter location of the 1st conflict in the Civil War
Appomattox Court House site of Robert E. Lee’s surrender
border states states located between the north and south that allowed slavery
poll tax fee paid before voting
Ku Klux Klan secret society of terrorists who used threats and violence to intimidate African Americans
cotton cash crop of the South
Andrew Johnson became President after Abraham Lincoln was assassinated
Missouri Compromise -Maine was admitted as a free state -Missouri was admitted as a slave state -imaginary line drawn at 36’30”
Uncle Tom’s Cabin Harriet B. Stowe - author who wrote about horrors of slavery
Trail of Tears The journey when the Native Americans were forced west to Oklahoma
Underground Railroad Helped many enslaved African Americans escape from the South to freedom
Sectionalism an exaggerated loyalty to a certain region of the country
Dred Scott decision stated that slaves were property, Congress could not pass laws that would take them away from their owners
John Brown’s raid Happened at Harper’s Ferry, VA
Dorothea Dix Reformer- was responsible for improving conditions in prisons
Leland Stanford Hammered the gold spike completing the Transcontinental Railroad
Vaqueros Skilled riders who herded cattle on ranches in the Southwest
Sitting Bull Lakota chief who fought at the Battle of Little Big Horn
General George A. Custer Died at the Battle of Little Big Horn
Chief Joseph Nez Perez leader who refused to leave the northwest
Created by: hsloate