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Unit 3

Overseas Expansions and World War II

TermDefinition
Yellow Journalism sensational style of reporting that began in the late 1800’s by Pulitzer and Hearst
Imperialism the policy by which a powerful country takes control of the economic and political affairs of a weaker country or region - this foreign policy was especially followed from 1870 to 1914
Roosevelt Corollary expansion of the Monroe Doctrine by Theodore Roosevelt that claimed America had the right to interfere in Latin America to preserve law & independence
Spanish American War 4 months in 1898 - US became a colonial power and gained territories such as Puerto Rico and the Philippines - Cuba also became an independent nation
Annexation bringing an area under the control of a larger country
Isolationism a national policy of avoiding involvement in world affairs
Open Door Policy policy toward China that allowed a nation to trade in any other nation’s sphere of influence
Sphere of Influence area in China where a foreign nation had special trading privileges and made laws for its own citizens
Treaty of Kanagawa agreement by Japan to open two ports to trade with the U.S. and to help shipwrecked US sailors
Great White Fleet nickname for the large and steam-powered ships of the US navy
Nationalism pride in one’s nation - many small groups in Europe felt this - was one cause of WWI
Militarism building up the military forces to prepare for war - one cause of WWI
Trench Warfare the type of fighting in WWI in which both sides dug trenches, which were protected by mines and barbed wire - “no man’s land” was in the middle
Armistice an agreement to stop fighting - WWI November 12, 1918
14 Points Wilson’s goals for peace after WWI - Point 14 established the League of Nations
Outcome of the Treaty of Versailles 1. Germany takes full blame for the war  2. Germany had to disarm completely  3. Germany had to pay huge reparations  4. Germany lost its colonies 
Reparations payments to the winner of a war for the war damages inflicted by the loser during the war
Use of Submarines and Airplanes in WWI these weapons were new and the technology was tested, perfected, and deadly
Self Determination the right of national groups to own their own territories and have their own forms of government without interference & control by stronger nations
US Foreign Policy after WWI 1. Senate voted not to accept the Versailles Treaty  2. US not in the League of Nations  3. Many Americans feared communism  4. wanted to remain isolationist
Created by: ReetuPp1
 

 



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