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Unit 16

Vietnam

QuestionAnswer
Richard Nixon US President who vowed to Vietnamize the War, but secretly broadened bombings into Cambodia, later pulled out US troops, while promising future help to S. Vietnam if needed, but he resigned the presidency
DMZ Demilitarized Zone - divider between North and South Vietnam
Agent Orange defoliant used to destroy the jungle to destroy the Ho Chi Minh trail but caused cancer
Ngo Dinh Diem Leader of South Vietnam after it was divided, who was initially supported by the US, but later overthrown and killed
My Lai massacre of Vietnamese civilians by American troops
VC Vietcong, Charlie, Vietnamese communist guerrilla fighters
Vietnamization increase the role of the South Vietnamese while reducing the role of US forces
Ho Chi Minh communist leader of North Vietnam who envisioned a single united communist Vietnam, he died before this happened but once it occurred the South Vietnam capital of Saigon was renamed in his honor, Ho Chi Minh City
napalm highly flammable substance dropped in Vietnam
Thieu President of South Vietnam at the time of the peace signing and US troop withdrawal
Pentagon Papers classified documents leaked to the press showing how the American public had been mislead about the US role in the war by the government
Dien Bien Phu where French colonial forces were defeated by the Vietminh ending French colonial rule in Indochina
Henry Kissinger Nixon's National Security Advisor who negotiated with the North Vietnamese, playing good cop, to Nixon's bad cop
William Westmoreland American General in charge of US combat troops in Vietnam
Ho Chi Minh Trail jungle network path moving troops and supplies south; US objective to destroy this trail failed
protest movement the war divided the nation into doves and hawks, those opposed protested through music, sit ins, burning draft cards, etc; unfortunately the protestors often aimed their anger at the soldiers themselves
Peace agreement cease fire, American troops leave, Release of POWs, North Vietnamese troops allowed to stay in South Vietnam
War Powers Act measure by Congress that requires the President to inform Congress within 48 hours of the deployment of American military forces
Tonkin Gulf Resolution Congress gave the President complete authority to wage war in Vietnam without a declaration of war by Congress
fraggings attempts to injure or kill with fragmented grenades usually aimed at overzealous platoon leaders
Robert McNamara President Johnson's Secretary of Defense who began to question the US strategy in Vietnam, consequently he was viewed as disloyal and replaced
Christmas bombings massive raids on Hanoi ordered by Nixon to force the North Vietnamese back to the bargaining table
Kent State 4 students killed by National Guardsmen during a protest
Tet Vietnamese New Year in 1986 when North Vietnamese go on the offensive in South Vietnamese cities, militarily a failure, but a turning point in the war as Americans began to push for an end in Vietnam
Heuy workhorse of the Vietnam War - helicopters were used to move troops, supplies, injured, etc in the dense jungles of Vietnam
TV coverage uncensored news coverage brought the war home into American living rooms every night with body counts and a focus on civilian deaths
bouncing betty one of the most feared land mines that aimed for the lower extremities, groan area, etc
SDS Students for a Democratic Society - one of the student protest groups operating on college campuses who demonstrated against the war
Gulf of Tonkin body of water off of North Vietnam's east coast
Cambodia country west of South Vietnam where the ancient Ankor Wat ruins are located
Created by: ndouvier