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Reconstruction Vocab

Reconstruction Vocabulary

13th amendment abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime.
14th amendment gave citizenship status to all of those born in the United States, and guaranteed equal protection under the law. States were forbidden from interfering with the rights of citizens by the federal government.
15th amendment gave all male citizens the right to vote, regardless of race.
abolish to completely and officially end
agriculture the science and business of producing crops, raising livestock, and general farming
amendment A change or addition to the Constitution that once ratified has the same legal power as the original document.
assassinate to kill for political reasons by using a surprise attack
Black Codes were laws passed in the South immediately after the Civil War to prevent blacks from having the full rights of citizens and to restore, as much as possible, the labor and racial controls of slavery .
carpetbaggers White Northerners in the South after the Civil War seeking private gain under the Reconstruction governments.
casualty a person who is hurt or killed during an accident, war, etc.
Civil Rights Act of 1866 was the first United States federal law to define citizenship and affirm that all citizens are equally protected by the law. The 14th Amendment was ratified two years later.
Compromise of 1877 an unwritten deal that settled the outcome of the 1876 U.S. presidential election. It resulted in the federal government pulling the last troops out of the South, and formally ended the Reconstruction Era.
Congressional Reconstruction angry about Black Codes and efforts in the South to limit the equality of freedmen in any way possible, the Congress took control of Reconstruction from President Johnson and passed many Reconstruction Acts, one dividing the South into military districts
discrimination the practice of unfairly treating a person or group of people differently from other people or groups of people
economy the process or system by which goods and services are produced, sold, and bought in a country or region
freedmen the term for men, women, and children who were freed from slavery after the Civil War
Freedmen's Bureau Federal agency that provided schools, hospitals, medical care, etc. to newly freed slaves.
impeach bring charges against an elected official who is accused of breaking the law - it may or may not result in the official's removal from office.
Jim Crow Laws southern state laws that enforced a policy of segregating or discriminating against black people, as in public places, public vehicles, or employment.
plantation a large area of land especially in a hot part of the world where crops (such as cotton) are grown
Plessy v. Ferguson Supreme Court ruling that said segregation was okay as long as things were “separate, but equal”; legalized segregation
Radical Republicans group of Republicans during Reconstruction who were intent on punishing white Southerners for the Civil War.
ratify to confirm by expressing consent or approval
Reconstruction Period of rebuilding of the United States after the Civil War.
rural relating to the country
scalawags White Southerners who supported the Reconstruction governments after the Civil War often for private gain.
segregation separation of people of different races
sharecropping system of farming in which farmers rent land and pay the landowner with a share of the crops they raise
Ten Percent Plan Lincoln’s plan for Reconstruction, which required that a southern state could be readmitted into the Union once 10 percent of its voters
tenant a person, business, group, etc., that pays to use another person's property
Created by: mrsgannon