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History

ugh

QuestionAnswer
Where and when was the transcontinental railroad completed May 10, 1869
why was the transcontinental railroad built to connect east and west
What were the effects of the transcontinental railroad length of time to cross the nation before the RR before was 3-4 months, and after was 7-10 days
What were the challenges of building the Union pacific railroad hard and dangerous
what were the challenges of building the central pacific railroad hard, discriminated and dangerous
What were the origins of the people on the union pacific railroad Irish immigrants, Germans, freed slaves, civil war veterans
What were the origins of the people on the central pacific railroad Chinese
what were the four effects of the railroad on western migration more went west, economy linked between east and west, NA weaken hold on west, and time zones
where was farming great plains
what changed farming homestead
where was ranching Texas
what changed ranching long drives
where was mining west to east
what changed mining technology
transportation for the great plains tribes horses
food/homes/culture for the great plains tribes buffalo
what was the name of the treaty that led to the final settlement of Indian-american conflict in the late 1800's Fort Laramie
What was the outcome of the fort Laramie treaties Becomes a cycle of failure
What conflict with the Sioux led to the final settlement of Indian-american conflict in the late 1800's Little Bighorn
What conflict involving Nez Perce led to the final settlement of Indian-american conflict in the late 1800's Chief Joseph leads from Nez Perce to Canada
What was the Dawes act Split reservations into family farms, and put NA children into boarding schools
What factor, more than anything else, led to the end of Native American culture Destruction of buffalo
What event marked the end of Native American resistance massacre at wounded knee in south Dakota
Cooperatives farmers sold directly to merchants and got more profit
Grange patrons of husbandry. Went from social gathering to more political and economical
What political party united farmers, industrial workers, craftsmen and anti-prohibitionists during the gilded age Populists
what was the reason for populists low crop prices and high RR rates
Who supported populists farmers and factory workers
What were populists platform/goals free silver, government own RR
Who was the populists presidential candidate William Jennings Bryan
What were freedmen's bureaus assisted former enslaved people, by setting up schools and hospitals
were freedmen's bureaus successful for some
What were black codes laws that limited freedom for former enslaved people
What were the presidential reconstruction plans ask the people to help
what were the radical reconstruction plans want federal government to play an active role in remaking southern politics and society
what was the 13th amendments impact ended slavery
what was the 14th amendments impact If you are born in the US then you are a citizen and get citizens rights
what was the 15th amendments impact any man can vote
what were the successes of reconstruction more equality, citizenship, no slavery, all men can vote
What were the failures of reconstruction Jim crow laws, segregation, women suffragists, lynching
define Jim Crow laws enforced segregation
3 examples of Jim crow laws separate schools, separate trolley seats, separate restrooms
What did the supreme court establish in Plessy v. Ferguson "separate but equal"
How did Poll taxes keep blacks from voting you had to pay to vote
how did literacy testes keep blacks from voting you had to be literate to vote
how did grandfather clauses keep blacks from voting you could vote if your grandpa could vote
KKK Ku Klux Klan, White hate group that used violence and threats to intimidate African Americans
Lynching violent hanging without trial
when did reconstruction end 1877
how did reconstruction end compromise of 1877
What were the advantages of the north before the war political leader, industry, population, navy, railroad
What were the advantages of the south before the war military leaders, fighting on home ground, defensive war
Bull Run Confederate victory, 1st battle, realization of long war
Shiloh Union victory, Grant won, bloody war
Antietam tie, but union strategic victory, lee forced back, makes emancipation proclamation possible
Vicksburg Union victory, Grant take last holdout on Mississippi—Anaconda complete
Appomattox Union victory, Lee surrenders to Grant
Emancipation proclamation Make war about slavery, free slaves in South, black can fight
Draft Riots New York July 1863 target blacks
Gettysburg address Nov. 1863 speech “New Birth of Freedom” without slavery
Role of women during war Nurses, work on farms, factories, spies, soldiers dressed as men
Stonewall Jackson confederate, Lee right hand, dies Chancellorsville
Robert E. Lee confederate, Best general of the war but loses
Ulysses S. Grant Union, “I can’t spare this man, he fights” defeats Lee
William Tecumseh Sherman Union, Total war in March to Sea
What was the battle that was the turning point of the war Gettysburg
Why was Gettysburg the turning point deadliest battle, Lee never attack North again, turns the tide for the Union
What was the role of women during the civil war Nurses work farms, factories spies/soldiers
When was the emancipation proclamation January 1st 1863
Who was the audience for the emancipation proclamation North
What was the meaning of the emancipation proclamation to free slaves in the south
Did the emancipation proclamation free any slaves no
Why was the emancipation proclamation issued to make the war about slavery
who were the Massachusetts 54th infantry Blacks who fought
what did the 54th do led into battle
how did the 54th's actions change the war made black fighting more common
When was the Gettysburg Address Nov. 1863
Who was the audience of the Gettysburg Address North
What was the meaning of the Gettysburg Address New birth of freedom
What was the "New Birth of Freedom" referred to in the Gettysburg Address start over without slavery
What was the reason for fighting the war in the north at the beginning of the war Preserve the union
what was the reason for fighting the war in the north at the end of the war End slavery
What was the reason for fighting the war in the south at the beginning of the war retain way of life, it'll be short. Optimistic
What was the reason for fighting the war in the south at the end of the war Defend slavery
How many died in the north and south in the civil war 750,000
how many were wounded in the north and south in the civil war 535,000
what were two costs of the civil war Debt, inflation
What killed most soldiers during the civil war Disease
What were political events leading to the civil war Dred Scott, Sumner Caning
What were social events leading to the civil war Bleeding Kansas, Uncle Tom's cabin
Dred Scott Dred Scott vs. Sandford, outraged the north
Sumner caning Brooks/Sumner Caning. North-disgusted, South-Brooks was a hero
Bleeding Kansas mini civil war, shows what's to come
Uncle Tom's cabin North- love and sells tons of copies. South- made illegal, and wrote Aunt someones cabin in response
What was the economy like in the north small farms, industry, canals, roads west
What was the economy like in the south Plantations, cotton, slavery
When was the Missouri compromise 1820
Who compromised the Missouri compromise? Henry Clay
What caused the Missouri compromise Missouri wanted to be a slave state
What was the effect of the Missouri compromise 36’ 30 Maine-free 36’ 30 Maine-free 36’ 30 Maine-free Missouri-slave, Maine-free, 36'60
Who compromised the compromise of 1850 Henry Clay and Steven Douglas
What caused the compromise of 1850 California free state
What was the effect of the compromise of 1850 California free, fugitive slave act, DC no slave trade
Who was John Brown Abolitionist who believed violence was necessary to end slavery
What did John Brown do attack at Harper's ferry
What was the effect of John Brown's actions 36’ 30 Maine-free Bleeding Kansas and executed for treason
Who was Nat Turner slave preacher in virginia
What did Nat Turner do started rebellion and killed 60 whites
What was the effect of Nat Turner's actions strict slave codes passed
Why did the South secede after the election of Lincoln in 1860 they thought it was the end of slavery
what was the economy in the north industry
What was the economy in the South plantations, cotton and slavery
What was it like politically in the North high tariff
What was it like politically in the South they were against tariffs
What was it like socially in the North no slavery
What was it like socially in the South slavery
What was the strategy to win in the North anaconda plan
what was the strategy to win in the South take defense
which state seceded first south carolina
describe factory work low wages, dangerous and crappy conditions
define labor unions group of workers who want more
define push factor why you leave
define pull factor why you go there
who were nativists people who didn't like immigrants, especially the irish
what political group did the nativists form the know nothing party
what were the germans reasons for leaving push-revolutions, pull -land, jobs, freedom, opportunity
what weer the irish reasons for leaving push-potato famine, pull-land, jobs, freedom, opportunity
what were the scandinavian reasons for leaving land, freedom, opportunity, jobs
where did the germans settle midwest cities, Texas
where did the irish settle eastern cities
where did the scandinavians settle upper midwest farms
what was the germans reaction/prejudice not much at first
what was the irish reaction/ prejudice lots because they were catholic
what was the scandinavians reaction/ prejudice not much, tended to settle together
explain the 2nd great awakening and its impact on the reform movement reform started as people began to change and improve themselves and then society
what was the goal of temperance stop drinking
who was involved in temperance women
what was the goal of education free public education for all
who was involved in education horace mann
what was the goal of the care of the needy prison reform and help mentally ill
who was involved in the care of the needy dorthea dix
what was the goal of ideal societies create utopia
who was involved in ideal societies shakers
what was the goal of women's rights suffrage
who was involved in women's rights EC stanton, susan b anthony
major event with women's rights seneca falls convention of 1848
which reform movement was dorthea dix a part of care of the needy
fredrick douglas abolition
horace mann education
elizabeth cady stanton women's rights
william lloyd garrison abolition
lucretia mott women's rights
who helped abolition grow douglas and garrison
what helps abolition grow north star newspaper by fredrick douglas and the liberator newspaper by william lloyd garrison
how did the north respond to the abolition movements they agreed with it
how did the south respond to the abolition movements they hated it
what was the goal with abolition the underground railroad
what did the belief and manifest destiny imply america could and should reach coast to coast
list the reasons for development and settlement in the west land, religious freedom and gold
who helped settle in oregon marcus whitman
how did we get to oregon the oregon trail
who got us to utah brigham young
why did we settle in utah religion
how did we get to utah the mormon trail
who had us settle in california miners
why did we go to california the gold rush
how did we get to california california trail
what happened to most gold miners that went to california they didn't get rich
how did we acquire oregon the treaty of 1946
who said "54'40 or fight" and why james k polk because he wanted to show that we were willing to fight for oregon
what were the causes of the texas revolution people moved in and ignored mexican law
what were the effects of the texas revolution lone star republic 10 yrs
what were the causes of the mexican american war US annex texas and conflict over river boundary
what were the effects of the mexican american war mexican cession, US pay 10 million
why did people oppose the mexican american war they were afraid of the expansion of slavery
how did voting change when leading to the growth of democracy no land requirements, all white men could vote
what was the influence of the common man poorer men voting and voting for someone they could relate to, andrew jackson
define spoil system gave a voice to the people
what did jackson want to do with the native americans in the SE and why he wanted to remove them for their "own good"
name the 5 civilized tribes the cherokee, chicksaw, choctaw, creek, seminol,
define trail of tears removal of cherokee from their homelands to indian territory in the west
what was the role of cotton and gold in the process of the indian removal act and the trail of tears it was on the indian territory
what was the role of jackson in the process of the indian removal act and the trail of tears hated NA, wants to move them and overrule SC
what was the role of the supreme court and john ross in the process of the indian removal act and the trail of tears ross go to SC, they rule in cherokee favor
what was the role of the military in the process of the indian removal act and the trail of tears move the cherokee out on the trail of tears
how did tariffs increase sectionalism and political fighting south hated but protected north industry and paid for western canals and roads
how did the states rights argument increase sectionalism and political fighting KY and VA resolutions said states could nullify bad laws
how did the slavery debates increase sectionalism and political fighting missouri-north and south argue over whether slavery should expand west
what was the reason for protective tariffs to protect
what effect did the tariff of abominations have on the southern economy made imported goods and southern planters depend on trading cotton for foreign manufactured goods
define tariff of abominations protective tariff
define nullification crisis it was a sectional, political crisis
what was jacksons attitude toward the national bank hates it because it favors the rich
what actions did jackson take toward the national bank vetoed the bank recharter
effect of jactions actions money in pet banks, inflation, panic of 1837, and depression
what caused the war of 1812 conflict on seas, conflict in old NW with Indians
what were the effects of the war of 1812 nationalism, industry, win but really a tie
define impressment kidnapping
define war hawks western congressmen who favor war with britain
what factors increased industrialization war of 1812, new inventions, new inovations
how did industrialization and new inventions change america in the early 1800's it made war more dangerous and more industry
what did eli whitney invent interchangeable parts and cotton gin
what did john deere invent the polished steel plow
what did robert fulton invent the steamship
what did cyrus mccormick invent the mechanized reaper and harvester
what did samual morse invent morse code and the telegraph
what cities were connected by the erie canal new york city and buffalo
who worked in the early factories girls / children
what products did early factories make textiles
where were early factories located NE by rivers
how were the economies of the north and south connected the south cotton helped produce the north textiles
what was the impact of the cotton gin and commitment to the plantation system the growth of more cotton, factories in the north and expansion in the west, planter controlled social structure, growth of slaves
what were the 4 main aspects of the life of a slave work, family, religion, resist
what kind of work did the slaves do it varied
what was the family like of a slave often members would be sold
what was religion like for a slave enforced but they still turned to it
how would slaves resist rebel
who was at the top of the southern hierarchy planters
who was second from the top of the southern hierarchy non slave owning whites
who was second from the bottom of the southern hierarchy free blacks
who was at the bottom of the southern hierarchy slaves
describe the group that made up the largest portion of southern society non slave holding whites
how did non slave owning whites feel about slavery they still liked it because it gave them more social status
what is true with most farmers in the south with regard to slave ownership not many owned slaves
define slave codes laws limiting slaves
define nationalism strongly supporting your country
what were the factors that increased nationalism war of 1812, transportation, SC decisions, american system, decrease political differences, new national boundaries
what were the three aspects of the american system tariff, transportation and national bank
define sectionalism loyalty to the interests of a region or section of the country
what was the impact of new transportation on sectionalism made boundary lines
what factors increased sectionalism differences in economy and expansion of slavery
who issued the monroe doctrine james monroe
when was the monroe doctrine issued 1823
what did the monroe doctrine say europe stay out of the western hemisphere
what was the nickname for monroe's presidency and why era of good feelings because it caused national unity
define judicial review supreme courts power to declare a law unconstitutional
what supreme court case established judicial review mcculloch vs maryland
what were the 3 shifts during jefferson's presidency expansion, limited national government and change foreign policy
what were the 3 goals of the lewis and clark expedition find NW passage, make friends with the native americans, map and make scientific discoveries
what were the 3 results of lewis and clarks exploration of the west no NW passage but map route, discover new plants and animals, native american tribes
Created by: anikabingham