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Civil War Vocabulary

13th Amendment Abolished slavery in the United States
14th Amendment Granted citizenship to "all persons born or naturalized in the United States" which included former slaves
15th Amendment Guaranteed all citizens the right to vote
Abolitionist Someone who fought against slavery.
Antebellum "Before the War", time period that led up to the Civil War
Border States The slave states that bordered the United States during the Civil War. Included Missouri, Kentucky, West Virginia, Maryland, and Delaware.
Civil war A war between parts of the same country
Confederacy The southern states that left the United States in the 1860's to fight the Civil War.
Cotton gin Invented in 1793 by Eli Whitney, made it easier for slaves to clean cotton and increased the demand for slavery.
Dixie Historic nickname for the Southern United States/Confederacy
Dred Scott Slave who sued for his freedom; Supreme Court ruled slaves (and blacks) are not citizens but property
Emancipation Proclamation Statement by Abraham Lincoln that proclaimed freedom for slaves in the states that were in rebellion against the United States.
Fugitive Slave Act Law that made it illegal to help runaway slaves, even in the North
Gettysburg Address A famous speech delivered by Abraham Lincoln in November 1863 at the dedication of a national cemetery on the site of the Battle of Gettysburg
John Brown An abolitionist who led forces in Bleeding Kansas as well as a raid on Harper's Ferry, Virginia to get weapons
Nullify The right of a state to cancel a federal laws within it's borders
Secede/Secession To formally leave the union
Sectionalism During Antebellum period, the North and South began to place their specific interests over those of the country as a whole
Uncle Tom's Cabin An anti-slavery book written by Harriet Beecher Stowe about the evils of slavery
Underground Railroad A secret network of escape routes to smuggle run-away slaves to freedom in the North
Created by: 17mbastry