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Social Studies Final

TermDefinition
What is a culture? a way of life shared by members of a society
What was Beringia? the now covered land bridge separating Asia and North America
Why were early European explorers looking for a northwest passage? to find a shorter route to Asia
What was the importance of the Mayflower Compact? It was the first document of self government in North America; the colonists agreed to work together to govern Plymouth
What was the main reason why Native Americans developed many different cultures before the arrival of Europeans? They lived in different environments with different natural resources.
Why did the Pilgrims settle in Plymouth? for religious freedom
What was the purpose of the English economic policy of mercantilism? To force the colonies to supply England with raw materials and buy English goods.
What was the significance of the House of Burgesses? It was the first representative government in the English colonies
What was the main reason why different cultures developed in the 13 Colonies? They had different environments with different natural resources
Why did Benjamin Franklin create the Join or Die image? He was trying to encourage the colonies to unite for strength
Why did the French and Indian War lead to the American Revolution? Great Britain began to raise money to pay war debts by taxing the colonists.
Why did the colonists think Great Britain had no right to tax them? The colonists felt they were not represented in the English Parliament.
What is a boycott? When people refuse to buy goods from a business in order to hurt that business and make it change its policies.
What were Americans who wanted freedom from Britain called? Patriots
What was the significance of Thomas Paine's Common Sense? It persuaded many Americans to support independence.
What document supported the idea that citizens have the right to overthrow a government that does not protect their rights? Declaration of Independence
Which American victory during the American Revolution caused the French to enter the war against Britain? The Battle of Saratoga
Why did many Americans think the Articles of Confederation needed to be changed? It gave too little power to the national government
What do we call a change to the U.S. Constitution? an amendment
What is the main responsibility of executive branch? to carry out laws
According to the Constitution, where does a government get its power from? the people
Why did the framers of the Constitution include the principle of checks and balances? It would prevent any one branch of government from becoming too powerful
What document protects basic individual freedoms such as freedom of speech and the right to bear arms? the Bill of Rights
Why do many consider George Washington to be a great president? Being the first, he set many precedents still being followed.
What do we call the power of the Supreme Court to determine whether laws are constitutional or not? judicial review
What was the major significance of the Louisiana Purchase? It doubled the size of the country
What was one major result of the Industrial Revolution? More goods could be made faster and at a cheaper price
What term refers to the desire of many Americans to expand the country westward during the 1800s? Manifest Destiny
Why was the American victory in the Mexican American war significant? The U.S. gained a great deal of territory
What was the purpose of the Seneca Falls Convention of 1848? to bring attention to the women's rights movement
What term refers to people who opposed slavery? abolitionists
What did the Dred Scott decision and John Brown's raid on Harper's Ferry have in common? both increased tension between the North and South before the Civil War
What did Frederick Douglass and Harriet Tubman have in common? They were both abolitionists
What did Abraham Lincoln mean when he said that a house divided against itself cannot stand? the issue of slavery could destroy the United States
What was Lincoln's main goal before and during the Civil War? to preserve the Union
Why did Abraham Lincoln issue the Emancipation Proclamation? to add the abolition of slavery to the Union's war goals
What was a negative effect of the Columbian Exchange on Native Americans? diseases brought from Europe led to the deaths of millions of Native Americans
Created by: KRago