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Unit 1

Basics, Reconstruction, and Western Expansion

13th Amendment banned slavery 
14th Amendment made African-Americans citizens 
15th Amendment gave African-Americans the right to vote
Segregation to separate the races to keep them apart in such situations housing schools, restrooms, drinking fountains, etc.
Carpetbagger a nickname for a Northern who went South during reconstruction in the hope of getting rich
Sharecropper a farmer that worked on land owned by another person and many freed slaves in the South after the Civil War became sharecroppers
Reconstruction period after the Civil War when the South was rebuilt and was also the federal program to rebuild it
Radical Reconstruction divided the South into 5 military districts, guaranteed all African American men the right to vote and it prevented former Confederate leaders from holding office
Jim Crow Laws passed by Southern states that required African American and whites to be separated in almost every public place
Manifest Destiny idea held by Americans during the 1800’s that the United States should stretch across the continent from the Atlantic to the Pacific Oceans
Transcontinental Railroad a railroad that stretches across a continent - the first U.S. transcontinental railroad was built in 1863 by the Union Pacific & Central Pacific railroads
Homestead Act a law passed in 1862 to encourage people to settle in the West by giving 160 acres of free land to a farmer
Vigilante people who take the law into their own hands
Subsidies grant of money from the government to a person or company for an action intended to benefit the public
Long Drive the herding of cattle for 1,000 miles or more to meet the railroad
Vaquero a Hispanic ranch hand
Sodbusters a name given to the Plains farmer
Dry Farming a way of farming dry land in which seeds are planted deep in the ground where there is some moisture
Populism appeal to the common people
Civil War Amendments 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments
Created by: ReetuPp1



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