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AG Gratton

Ch. 4 Social Studies

polis a city-state; like a tiny independent country
acropolis a fortified area that stood at the top of a hill
agora an open area like a market place
citizen members of a political community who treat each other as equals
colony a settlement in a new territory that keeps close ties to their homeland
hoplites army of ordinary citizens
peninsula body of land with water on three sides
estates large farms
tyrant someone who takes power by force and rules with total authority
oligarchy few people hold power in government
democracy all citizens share in running the government
helots captive workers in Sparta
lyre a stringed instrument
satrapies provinces
satrap protector of the kingdom/ruler of satrapies
immortals specially trained soldiers in the Persian army
direct democracy when people gather at mass meetings to decide on government matters
representative democracy citizens choose smaller group to make laws and governmental decisions on their behalf
constitution framework for a government
Created by: tgratton



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