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Civics Final

Civics 2017

What did each of the following Enlightenment philosophers have in common regarding the government? Hobbes? Hobbes:Government needed to be strong and some rights may need to be taken away in order to keep in order.Serves will of people.
Locke? Gov. was required through a social contract to serve the will of the people without taking away inalienable rights. Serves will of people.
Rousseau? Gov, was needed to keep order and people agree to give up some rights for protection by the gov. Serves the will of people.
What was the Magna Carta? "The Great Charter", an agreement between King John of England and his barons.
What was the purpose? Established limited gov.
What is the Social Contract Theory? People give up some of their rights in return for protection by gov. Gov. gets its power from the people, adopted by Hobbes,Lock,Rousseau, influenced Declaration of Independence
Sovereignty? Power to rule.
Democracy? The people hold power.
Dictatorship? One person holds power.
Oligarchy? A small group holds power.
How would a strict constructionist view the Constitution? View word-by-word in constitution restricting personal interpretation.
Loose Constructionist? Make interpretations.
Why did the Framers of the Constitution include the Supremacy Clause in the Constitution? Establish that the Constitution is what all laws,policies,and actions are to be measured against.
"Insure Domestic Tranquility" ? Making sure peace is kept in the homeland
Checks and Balances? A way for one branch of the check up on the power of the other two branches.
How do the branches use checks and balances?Legislative on Executive? Legislative may impeach
Created by: WhitWhit
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