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Bowman Study Guide

discriminatory laws; restore many restrictions of slavery Black Codes
period of rebuilding after Civil War, 1865-1877 Reconstruction
Grants citizenship to African Americans; Forbids black codes or discriminatory laws Civil Rights Act
makes Congress responsible for Reconstruction Wade-Davis Bill
proposes own Presidential Reconstruction; States must swear allegiance, annual war debts, ratify 13th Amendment;Does not address voting rights,, land, laws for former slaves Andrew Johnson
Radical Republican leader Thaddeus Stevens
doesn’t recognize most new state governments; Divides South into military districts; Sets new conditions for reentry in Union Reconstruction Act
to help former slaves, poor whites; Gives social services, medical care, education Freedmen’s Bureau
led by Charles Sumner, Thaddeus Stevens; Want to destroy power of former slaveholders; Give full citizenship, suffrage to African Americans Radical Republicans
asks for end of settlements; Indian leader Red Cloud
Natives give up way of life and join white culture Assimilation
ritual to regain lost lands; Spreads among Sioux on Dakota reservation Ghost Dance
started a gold rush by reporting gold in the Black Hills; dies at the Battle of Little Bighorn George Custer
Cavalry kills 300 unarmed Native Americans Battle of Wounded Knee
makes African Americans full citizens; Most Southern states reject amendment; not ratified until 1868 14th Amendment
gives voting rights to all, regardless of color 15th Amendment
confederate veterans group that turns terrorist; Grows rapidly; aims to restore white supremacy KKK (Ku Klux Klan)
passed in May 1872, Congress returned the right to vote and the right to hold federal and state offices Amnesty Act
the Southern Democrats’ term for their return to power in the South in the 1870s Redemption
the editor of the New York Tribune and a vocal pre-Civil War abolitionist, as their candidate. He had supported some Radical Republican causes—abolition and the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments Horace Greeley
bank closings and the collapse of the credit system cost many people their savings, bankrupted hundreds of businesses, and put more than a third of the population out of work Panic of 1873
eader of the Hunkpapa Sioux, does not sign the Treaty of Fort Laramie, defeated Custer at Battle of Little Bighorn Sitting Bull
1887, act to “Americanize” natives and break up reservations; Gives land to individual Native Americans, Sells remainder of land to settlers, Money for farm implements for natives Dawes Act
grasslands in the west-central portion of the United States Great Plains
major cattle route from San Antonio, Texas to Kansas City, Kansas Chisholm Trail
Troops kill over 150 Cheyenne, Arapaho at Sand Creek winter camp Sand Creek Massacre
a series of congressional measures under which the Democrats agreed to accept the Republican candidate Rutherford B. Hayes as president, even though he had lost the popular vote.r Compromise of 1877
The measures included the withdrawal of federal troops from Southern states, federal money for improving Southern infrastructure, and the appointment of a conservative Southern cabinet member, Compromise of 1877
the ability to run state governments without federal intervention. Home Rule
Created by: mgregory19