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Unit 7 World History

TermDefinition
1. Brinkmanship causing or allowing a situation to become extremely dangerous in order to get the results that you want
2. Containment United States policy using numerous strategies to prevent the spread of communism especially by the Soviet Union
3. commune in Communist China, a collectivefarm on which a great number of people (pesants) work and live together
4. Cultural Revolution 1966–1976 uprising in China led by the Red Guards, with the goal of establishing a society of peasants and workers in which all were equal.
5. Détente (French) an ending of unfriendly or hostile relations between countries
6. Domino Theory The idea that if one key nation in a region fell to control of communists, others would follow like toppling dominoes.
7. Inter-Continental Ballistic Missiles (ICBM) missiles equipped with nuclear warheads.
8. Iron curtain name for the boundary dividing Europe into two separate areas from the end of World War II in 1945 until the end of the Cold War in 1991.
9. Khmer Rouge Communists rebels that took over Cambodia in 1975 and set up a brutal government under the leadership of Pol Pot.
10. Marshall Plan (1948-1952) offered free financial aid to any European nation rebuilding after WWII
11. nonaligned nations the independent countries that remained neutral in the Cold War competition between the United States and the Soviet Union.
12. NATO: (NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY) organization that was a defensive military alliance between the U.S., Canada, and 10 other European nations
13. Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (1968) focus to limit nuclear weapons
14. Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT): 1972 treaty was signed limiting nuclear arsenals
15. Solidarity an independent trade union movement in Poland that developed into a mass campaign for political change and inspired popular opposition to communist regimes across eastern Europe during the 1980s.
16. Third World during the Cold War, the developing nations not allied with either the United States or the Soviet Union.
17. 38th Parallel the line of latitude 38 degrees North (38° N), in East Asia, which roughly marks the border between North Korea and South Korea: set by the U.S. in 1945 as a military boundary
18. Truman Doctrine (1947) offered aid to countries fighting outside “pressures”
19. United Nations: Created by Winston Churchill and FDR toward the end of WWII. Replaced the League of Nations and had more power
20. Vietcong Communist guerrilla force that fought with the support of the North Vietnamese Army against South Vietnam in the Vietnam War
21. Vietnamization President Nixon's plan to gradually recall U.S troops while allowing South Vietnamese troops to take over
22. Warsaw Pact defensive military pact between the U.S.S.R. & 7 European nations
Created by: tlblack
 

 



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